Indonesia Trade Balance Swings to Surplus in December


Indonesia posted a trade surplus of 0.99 USD billion in December of 2016, compared to a 0.16 USD billion deficit a year earlier. Figure came above market estimates of a 0.84 USD billion surplus, as exports rose much more than imports.

Year-on-year, exports jumped 15.57 percent to 13.77 USD billion, following a 21.34 percent in the prior month and beating market consensus of a 13.27 percent rise.  It was the third straight month of increase, as sales of non-oil and gas products went up 18.11 percent to 12.54 USD billion while those of oil and gas dropped by 5.22 percent to 1.10 USD billion.  

Imports went up 5.82 percent to 12.78 USD billion, following a 9.88 percent growth in a month earlier while markets expected a 3.5 percent growth. It was also the third consecutive month of growth, as purchases of non-oil and gas rose 7.91 percent to 11.09 USD billion while those of oil and gas fell 6.15 percent to 1.69 USD billion. 

Compared to the previous month, outbound shipments rose 1.99 percent, as oil exports increased by 11.66 percent, followed by sales of non-oil and gas products (+1.13 percent). By categories, outbound shipments rose for: mineral fuels (+9.06 percent), rubber and rubber goods (+14.81 percent), apparel not knitted (+22.03 percent); ore, cruct and gray metal (+29.19 percent) and iron & steel (+44.82 percent). In contrast, sales decreased for: machinery/electrical equipment (-10.44 percent); jewelry, gems (-32.0 percent), vehicles & parts (-17.26 percent), machinery/aircraft mechanics (-8.30 percent) and goods from iron & steel (-28.52 percent). Sales went up to most of the country's trading partners: the ASEAN countries (+4.24 percent), the EU countries (+6.94 percent), China (+2.82 percent), the US (+8.88 percent), South Korea (+26.06 percent) and Taiwan (+5.72 percent). In contrast, exports fell to Japan (-3.98 percent), India (-13.58 percent) and Australia (-32.66 percent).

Compared to the prior month, inbound shipments increased by 0.88 perent. While purchases of non-oil and gas rose 1.35 percent, those of oil and gas declined by 2.13 percent. Imports went up the most for consumption goods (+27.25 percent to 1.31 USD billion, followed by capital goods (+7.49 percent to 2.23 USD billion). In contrast, purchases of raw material declined by 3.38 percent to 9.25 USD billion.

Considering full year of 2016, exports fell 3.95 percent from a year earlier to 144.43 USD billion while imports declined by 4.94 percent to 135.65 USD billion. That brought a trade surplus of 8.78 USD billion during the period, larger than a 7.67 USD billion surplus recorded in 2015.

Statistics Indonesia l Rida Husna | rida@tradingeconomics.com
1/16/2017 5:55:01 AM