South Korean Monetary Policy Committee decided to leave the base rate unchanged at 1.75 percent at its April 9th meeting, following a surprise rate cut last month. Policymakers judged the domestic demand has not clearly recovered while inflation is expected to be low, due to falling energy prices.
Excerpts from the statement by the Bank of Korea:
4/9/2015 3:35:45 AM
Bank of Korea Cuts Rate to Record Low of 1.75%
The Bank of Korea unexpectedly decided to cut the base rate by 25 bps to record low of 1.75 percent on March 12th. It is the first adjustment since October 2014 supported by sluggish domestic demand and weak outlook of the economy.
Published on 2015-03-12
South Korea Monetary Policy Unchanged in February
South Korean Monetary Policy Committee decided to keep the base rate unchanged at 2 percent for the fourth consecutive month at its February 17th meeting. Policymakers judged the recovery of the domestic demand has not been strong and economic expectations remains weak.
Published on 2015-02-17
Looking at the Korean economy, the Committee judges that domestic demand activities such as consumption and investment appear to have improved, although exports have continued their trend of decline due mostly to decreases in the unit prices for example of petroleum products, while the sentiments of economic agents have not clearly recovered. On the employment front, the unemployment rate has risen somewhat, due mainly to an expansion in job search activities, but the employment-to-population ratio has also increased as the number of persons employed has steadily grown. The Committee expects that the domestic economy will show a modest trend of recovery going forward, although the negative output gap will persist for a considerable time.
Despite a narrowing of the extent of decline in petroleum product prices, consumer price inflation fell from 0.5 percent the month before to 0.4 percent in March, due mainly to decreases in prices of agricultural, livestock and fisheries products. Core inflation excluding agricultural and petroleum product prices fell to 2.1 percent, from 2.3 percent in February, owing to a slowdown in the rate of industrial product price increase. Looking ahead the Committee forecasts that inflation will continue at a low level, due mainly to the effects of the low oil prices. In the housing market, the upward trends of sales and leasehold deposit prices have accelerated in both Seoul and its surrounding areas and the rest of the country.
In the domestic financial markets, long-term market interest rates have fallen while stock prices have risen, due largely to the Base Rate cut, to the easing of concerns about an early policy rate hike by the US Federal Reserve, and to inflows of foreigners’ securities investment funds. The Korean won had depreciated against the US dollar but has since appreciated, affected by changes in expectations related to the monetary policy of the US Federal Reserve. After depreciating, the won has also appreciated against the Japanese yen. Bank household lending has sustained its trend of increase at a level greatly exceeding that of recent years, led by mortgage loans.
Looking ahead, while supporting the recovery of economic growth the Committee will conduct monetary policy so as to maintain price stability over a medium-term horizon and pay attention to financial stability. In this process it will closely monitor external risk factors such as international oil prices and shifts in major countries’ monetary policies, as well as developments related to the spare capacity in the domestic economy and the trends of household debt and capital flows.