Euro Area Unemployment Rate  1995-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in the Euro Area stood at 9.8 percent in November 2016, unchanged from a seven-year low in the previous month and lower than 10.5 percent a year earlier. Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates were recorded in Germany (4.1 percent) and Malta (4.8 percent); while the highest unemployment rates were observed in Greece (23.1 percent in September 2016) and Spain (19.2 percent). Unemployment Rate in the Euro Area averaged 9.79 percent from 1995 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 12.10 percent in April of 2013 and a record low of 7.20 percent in March of 2008.

Euro Area Unemployment Rate
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Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-11-03 10:00 AM Sep 10% 10% 10% 10%
2016-12-01 10:00 AM Oct 9.8% 9.9% 10% 10%
2017-01-09 10:00 AM Nov 9.8% 9.8% 9.8% 9.7%
2017-01-31 10:00 AM Dec 9.8% 9.7%
2017-03-02 10:00 AM Jan 9.6%
2017-04-03 09:00 AM Feb 9.6%




Eurozone Jobless Rate Stable At 9.8% In November


The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in the Euro Area stood at 9.8 percent in November 2016, unchanged from the previous month and lower than 10.5 percent a year earlier. It was the lowest unemployment rate since July 2009.

The euro area seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 9.8 percent in November 2016, stable compared to October 2016 and down from 10.5 percent in November 2015. This is the lowest rate recorded in the euro area since July 2009. The EU28 unemployment rate was 8.3 percent in November 2016, down from 8.4 percent in October 2016 and from 9 percent in November 2015. This is the lowest rate recorded in the EU28 since February 2009. 

Eurostat estimates that 20.429 million men and women in the EU28, of whom 15.898 million were in the euro area, were unemployed in November 2016. Compared with October 2016, the number of persons unemployed decreased by 41 000 in the EU28 and by 15 000 in the euro area. Compared with November 2015, unemployment fell by 1.552 million in the EU28 and by 972 000 in the euro area.

Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates were recorded in the Czech Republic (3.7 percent) and Germany (4.1 percent). The highest unemployment rates were observed in Greece (23.1 percent in September 2016) and Spain (19.2 percent). Compared with a year ago, the unemployment rate in November 2016 fell in twenty-four Member States, while it increased in Estonia (to 7.4 percent in October 2016 from 6.3 percent in October 2015), Cyprus (to 14.2 percent from 13.2 percent), Denmark (to 6.5 percent from 6.1 percent) and Italy (to 11.9 percent from 11.5 percent). The largest decrease was registered in Croatia (to 11.4 percent from 15.7 percent).

There were 4.280 million young persons (under 25) were unemployed in the EU28, of whom 3.007 million were in the euro area. Compared with November 2015, youth unemployment decreased by 137 000 in the EU28 and by 42 000 in the euro area. In November 2016, the youth unemployment rate was 18.8 percent in the EU28 and 21.2 percent in the euro area, compared with 19.5 percent and 21.8 percent respectively in November 2015. In November 2016, the lowest rate was observed in Germany (6.7 percent), while the highest were recorded in Greece (46.1 percent in September 2016), Spain (44.4 percent) and Italy (39.4 percent).

Eurostat | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
1/9/2017 10:15:28 AM



Euro Area Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 9.80 9.80 12.10 7.20 percent [+]
Unemployed Persons 15781.00 15795.00 19157.00 11336.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 153.45 153.13 153.45 117.36 Million [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 5.00 5.20 6.30 2.70 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 21.20 20.90 24.60 14.90 percent [+]
Productivity 103.40 103.20 103.40 82.60 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 102.60 109.30 110.50 84.80 Index Points [+]
Wages 1681.00 1676.00 1681.00 1302.00 EUR/Month [+]
Wage Growth 1.60 0.90 3.40 0.90 percent [+]
Population 338.47 337.47 338.47 260.38 Million [+]
Full Time Employment 112073.10 110334.50 118857.50 107450.40 Thousand [+]
Employment Change 0.20 0.40 0.80 -0.70 percent [+]
Part Time Employment 30948.50 30925.70 30948.50 19769.20 Thousand [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 57.00 56.80 57.30 55.00 percent [+]
Retirement Age Men 64.63 64.48 64.63 62.47 [+]
Retirement Age Women 63.94 63.77 63.94 61.59 [+]



Euro Area Unemployment Rate Notes

In Euro Area, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - Euro Area Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Euro Area Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on January of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
9.80 9.80 12.10 7.20 1995 - 2016 percent Monthly
SA



Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.05 Oct/16
Afghanistan 40.00 Dec/15
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 32.90 Dec/15
Gambia 29.80 Dec/13
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Palestine 28.40 Sep/16
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
South Africa 27.10 Sep/16
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Macedonia 23.40 Sep/16
Greece 23.00 Oct/16
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Montenegro 21.33 Dec/16
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Gabon 20.30 Dec/13
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Spain 18.91 Sep/16
Armenia 18.10 Sep/16
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Jordan 15.80 Sep/16
Tunisia 15.50 Sep/16
Albania 15.20 Sep/16
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Bahamas 14.80 Dec/15
New Caledonia 14.60 Dec/14
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Croatia 14.40 Nov/16
Cyprus 14.20 Nov/16
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
Nigeria 13.90 Sep/16
Serbia 13.80 Sep/16
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Rwanda 13.20 Feb/16
Jamaica 12.90 Sep/16
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.60 Sep/16
Cape Verde 12.40 Dec/15
Iran 12.20 Jun/16
Georgia 12.00 Dec/15
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Brazil 11.90 Nov/16
Italy 11.90 Nov/16
Turkey 11.80 Oct/16
Maldives 11.60 Dec/14
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Puerto Rico 11.00 Nov/16
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Portugal 10.50 Sep/16
Turkmenistan 10.50 Dec/14
Slovenia 10.40 Nov/16
Austria 10.30 Dec/16
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Barbados 10.20 Sep/16
Belize 10.10 Dec/15
France 10.00 Sep/16
Algeria 9.90 Apr/16
Euro Area 9.80 Nov/16
Costa Rica 9.70 Sep/16
Morocco 9.60 Sep/16
Latvia 9.50 Sep/16
Mongolia 9.40 Sep/16
Ukraine 9.20 Sep/16
Suriname 8.90 Dec/15
Slovakia 8.80 Dec/16
Argentina 8.50 Sep/16
Lithuania 8.50 Dec/16
European Union 8.30 Nov/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Poland 8.20 Nov/16
Finland 8.10 Nov/16
Bulgaria 7.90 Nov/16
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Uruguay 7.70 Nov/16
Belgium 7.60 Nov/16
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Mauritius 7.60 Sep/16
Colombia 7.50 Nov/16
Estonia 7.50 Sep/16
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Honduras 7.30 Dec/15
Venezuela 7.30 Apr/16
Ireland 7.20 Dec/16
Oman 7.20 Dec/14
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Canada 6.90 Dec/16
Paraguay 6.90 Sep/16
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Haiti 6.80 Dec/14
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Ecuador 6.70 Sep/16
Swaziland 6.70 Dec/13
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Chile 6.20 Nov/16
Luxembourg 6.20 Nov/16
Peru 6.20 Dec/16
Sweden 6.20 Nov/16
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Australia 5.80 Dec/16
Romania 5.70 Nov/16
Saudi Arabia 5.70 Sep/16
Indonesia 5.61 Sep/16
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Chad 5.60 Dec/13
Panama 5.60 Dec/16
Netherlands 5.40 Dec/16
Russia 5.40 Nov/16
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Czech Republic 5.20 Dec/16
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/15
Kazakhstan 5.00 Dec/16
India 4.90 Dec/13
New Zealand 4.90 Sep/16
Malta 4.80 Sep/16
Norway 4.80 Oct/16
United Kingdom 4.80 Nov/16
Philippines 4.70 Dec/16
United States 4.70 Dec/16
Israel 4.60 Nov/16
Hungary 4.50 Nov/16
Sri Lanka 4.50 Sep/16
Trinidad and Tobago 4.40 Jun/16
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Denmark 4.20 Nov/16
Seychelles 4.20 Dec/15
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
Germany 4.10 Nov/16
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.04 Sep/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Taiwan 3.84 Nov/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
Switzerland 3.50 Dec/16
Malaysia 3.40 Nov/16
Mexico 3.40 Dec/16
South Korea 3.40 Dec/16
Hong Kong 3.30 Dec/16
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Guatemala 3.10 Jun/16
Japan 3.10 Nov/16
Nepal 3.00 Dec/14
Iceland 2.90 Nov/16
Moldova 2.90 Sep/16
Bhutan 2.60 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Cuba 2.40 Dec/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Tajikistan 2.40 Oct/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.20 Nov/16
Singapore 2.10 Sep/16
Vietnam 2.06 Jun/16
Macau 1.90 Nov/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Belarus 1.00 Dec/15
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Thailand 0.99 Nov/16
Cambodia 0.50 Dec/15
Qatar 0.20 Dec/15