Euro Area Unemployment Rate  1995-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate in the Eurozone decreased slightly to 10.4 percent in December of 2015 compared with previous month's unrevised level of 10.5 percent and from 11.4 percent reported a year earlier. This was the lowest rate recorded since September of 2011. Unemployment Rate in the Euro Area averaged 9.78 percent from 1995 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 12.10 percent in April of 2013 and a record low of 7.20 percent in March of 2008. Unemployment Rate in the Euro Area is reported by the Eurostat.

Euro Area Unemployment Rate
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
10.40 10.50 12.10 7.20 1995 - 2015 percent Monthly
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In Euro Area, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - Euro Area Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Euro Area Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2016.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2015-12-01 10:00 AM Oct 10.7% 10.8% 10.8% 10.8%
2016-01-07 10:00 AM Nov 10.5% 10.6% 10.7% 10.6%
2016-02-02 10:00 AM Dec 10.4% 10.5% 10.5% 10.6%
2016-03-01 10:00 AM Jan 10.4% 10.3%
2016-04-01 09:00 AM Feb 10.2%
2016-04-29 09:00 AM Mar 10.1%

Euro Area Jobless Rate Lowest Since September 2011


The seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate in the Eurozone decreased slightly to 10.4 percent in December of 2015 compared with previous month's unrevised level of 10.5 percent and from 11.4 percent reported a year earlier. This was the lowest rate recorded since September of 2011.

The EU28 unemployment rate was 9 percent, stable compared to November 2015, and down from 9.9 percent in December 2014. This was the lowest rate recorded in the EU28 since June 2009. 

Eurostat estimates that 21.944 million men and women in the EU28, of whom 16.750 million were in the euro area, were unemployed in December 2015. Compared with November 2015, the number of persons unemployed decreased by 52 000 in the EU28 and by 49 000 in the euro area. Compared with December 2014, unemployment fell by 2.026 million in the EU28 and by 1.501 million in the euro area. 

Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates were recorded in the Czech Republic and Germany (both 4.5 percent), Malta and the United Kingdom (both 5.1 percent, October data for the UK). The highest unemployment rates were observed in Greece (24.5 percent in October 2015) and Spain (20.8 percent). Compared with a year ago, the unemployment rate fell in twenty-three Member States, remained stable in Estonia and increased in four. The largest decreases were registered in Spain (20.8 percent from 23.6 percent), Slovakia (10.6 percent from 12.4 percent) and Portugal (11.8 percent from 13.6 percent). The increases were registered in Finland (9.5 percent from 9 percent), Austria (5.8 percent from 5.6 percent), Latvia (10.2 percent from 10.1 percent) and Romania (6.7 percent from 6.6 percent).

There were 4.454 million young persons (under 25) unemployed in the EU28, of whom 3.057 million were in the euro area. Compared with December 2014, youth unemployment decreased by 426 000 in the EU28 and by 229 000 in the euro area. The youth unemployment rate was 19.7% in the EU28 and 22.0% in the euro area, compared with 21.2% and 23.0% respectively in December 2014. The lowest rates were observed in Germany (7 percent), Denmark (10.3 percent) and the Czech Republic (10.9 percent), and the highest in Greece (48.6 percent in October 2015), Spain (46 percent), Croatia (44.1 percent in the fourth quarter 2015) and Italy (37.9 percent). 

Eurostat | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
2/2/2016 10:13:19 AM

Euro Area Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 10.40 10.50 12.10 7.20 percent [+]
Employed Persons 151.50 150.97 151.50 117.36 Million [+]
Unemployed Persons 16800.00 17110.00 19167.00 11295.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 5.30 5.70 6.30 2.80 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 22.00 22.10 24.60 14.90 percent [+]
Labour Costs 105.61 105.59 105.61 79.04 Index Points [+]
Productivity 102.30 102.50 102.50 84.50 Index Points [+]
Wages 1681.00 1676.00 1681.00 1302.00 EUR/Month [+]
Wage Growth 1.40 2.00 3.80 0.90 percent [+]
Population 338.34 336.00 338.34 260.38 Million [+]
Full Time Employment 111274.20 109946.00 118857.50 107443.80 Thousand [+]
Employment Change 0.30 0.20 0.60 -0.70 percent [+]
Part Time Employment 30220.60 30544.20 30544.20 19769.20 Thousand [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 56.80 56.80 57.30 55.00 percent [+]
Retirement Age Men 64.63 64.48 64.63 62.47 [+]
Retirement Age Women 63.94 63.77 63.94 61.59 [+]




Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.73 Nov/15
Haiti 40.60 Dec/10
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 35.30 Dec/14
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Swaziland 28.50 Dec/10
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
Palestine 27.40 Sep/15
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
South Africa 25.50 Sep/15
Macedonia 25.48 Sep/15
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Greece 24.47 Oct/15
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Gambia 22.00 Dec/10
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Spain 20.90 Dec/15
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Croatia 17.90 Dec/15
Albania 17.50 Sep/15
Serbia 17.30 Sep/15
Montenegro 17.24 Dec/15
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Armenia 16.60 Sep/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Gabon 16.00 Dec/10
Cape Verde 15.80 Dec/14
Bahamas 15.70 Dec/14
Cyprus 15.70 Dec/15
Tunisia 15.30 Sep/15
Oman 15.00 Dec/11
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
Jordan 13.80 Sep/15
New Caledonia 13.80 Dec/09
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Jamaica 13.10 Sep/15
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.80 Sep/15
Georgia 12.40 Dec/14
Puerto Rico 12.20 Dec/15
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Barbados 11.90 Jun/15
Portugal 11.90 Sep/15
Slovenia 11.70 Nov/15
Maldives 11.60 Dec/13
Italy 11.40 Dec/15
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
Belize 11.10 Dec/14
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Austria 10.90 Jan/16
Iran 10.70 Dec/15
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Slovakia 10.63 Dec/15
Algeria 10.60 Sep/14
France 10.60 Sep/15
Turkmenistan 10.60 Dec/13
Turkey 10.50 Oct/15
Euro Area 10.40 Dec/15
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Bulgaria 10.00 Dec/15
Nigeria 9.90 Sep/15
Poland 9.80 Dec/15
Latvia 9.70 Sep/15
Morocco 9.50 Dec/15
Ukraine 9.40 Sep/15
Costa Rica 9.20 Sep/15
Finland 9.20 Dec/15
European Union 9.00 Dec/15
Lithuania 9.00 Dec/15
Suriname 8.90 Dec/14
Colombia 8.60 Dec/15
Ireland 8.60 Jan/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Afghanistan 8.00 Dec/13
Belgium 7.90 Dec/15
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Chad 7.80 Dec/12
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Mauritius 7.40 Sep/15
Uruguay 7.40 Dec/15
Canada 7.20 Jan/16
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Brazil 6.90 Dec/15
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Luxembourg 6.70 Dec/15
Romania 6.70 Dec/15
Sweden 6.70 Dec/15
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Netherlands 6.60 Dec/15
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Mongolia 6.30 Sep/15
Paraguay 6.30 Sep/15
Czech Republic 6.20 Dec/15
Hungary 6.20 Dec/15
Indonesia 6.18 Sep/15
Pakistan 6.00 Dec/14
Venezuela 6.00 Dec/15
Argentina 5.90 Sep/15
Australia 5.80 Dec/15
Chile 5.80 Dec/15
Russia 5.80 Dec/15
Peru 5.70 Dec/15
Philippines 5.70 Dec/15
Saudi Arabia 5.70 Jun/15
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Malta 5.30 Sep/15
New Zealand 5.30 Dec/15
Estonia 5.20 Sep/15
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
Israel 5.20 Dec/15
United Kingdom 5.10 Nov/15
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/13
Kazakhstan 5.00 Nov/15
Sri Lanka 5.00 Sep/15
India 4.90 Dec/13
United States 4.90 Jan/16
Seychelles 4.70 Dec/14
North Korea 4.60 Dec/13
Norway 4.60 Nov/15
Denmark 4.50 Dec/15
Germany 4.50 Dec/15
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/13
Honduras 4.30 Dec/13
Ecuador 4.28 Nov/15
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
China 4.05 Dec/15
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Mexico 3.96 Dec/15
Taiwan 3.88 Dec/15
Guinea 3.80 Dec/12
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
Switzerland 3.70 Dec/15
Kuwait 3.50 Dec/13
Rwanda 3.40 Dec/12
South Korea 3.40 Dec/15
Hong Kong 3.30 Dec/15
Japan 3.30 Dec/15
Moldova 3.30 Sep/15
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Malaysia 3.20 Nov/15
Trinidad and Tobago 3.20 Jun/15
Bhutan 2.90 Dec/14
Guatemala 2.90 Jun/14
Cuba 2.70 Dec/14
Nepal 2.70 Dec/13
Panama 2.50 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Tajikistan 2.50 Nov/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/14
Vietnam 2.31 Dec/15
Iceland 2.30 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.30 Sep/15
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Macau 1.90 Dec/15
Singapore 1.90 Dec/15
Guinea Bissau 1.80 Dec/10
Laos 1.40 Dec/13
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Thailand 0.65 Dec/15
Belarus 0.50 Dec/14
Cambodia 0.30 Dec/13
Qatar 0.20 Dec/14