Euro Area Interest Rate 1998-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

The Governing Council of the ECB decided to launch an asset purchase plan of EUR 60 Billion a month, at the meeting held on January 22nd. The bank also keep the interest rate on the main refinancing operations and the interest rates on the marginal lending facility and the deposit facility unchanged at 0.05%, 0.30% and -0.20% respectively. Interest Rate in the Euro Area averaged 2.40 Percent from 1998 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 4.75 Percent in October of 2000 and a record low of 0.05 Percent in September of 2014. Interest Rate in the Euro Area is reported by the European Central Bank.

Euro Area Interest Rate

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
0.05 0.05 4.75 0.05 1998 - 2015 percent Daily
In the Euro Area, interest rate decisions are taken by the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. The primary objective of the ECB’s monetary policy is to maintain price stability. The ECB’s Governing Council has defined price stability as "a year-on-year increase in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) for The Euro Area of below 2%. This page provides - Euro Area Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - Euro Area Interest Rate - was last refreshed on Wednesday, March 4, 2015.

ECB QE Program Supported by Large Majority

ECB’s quantitative easing program was supported by a large majority of voters, the first-ever minutes of a meeting revealed. Policymakers also showed concerns over low inflation.

Excerpts from the Account of the monetary policy meeting of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank held in Frankfurt on 21-22 January 2015: 

With regard to the monetary policy stance, the members broadly shared the assessment that inflation dynamics had continued to be weaker than expected, economic slack had remained sizeable and money and credit developments had continued to be subdued, notwithstanding recent more positive monetary developments. The Governing Council was thus faced with heightened risks of too prolonged a period of too low inflation.

A number of considerations were put forward in support of monetary policy action being taken at the current meeting. While the existing monetary policy measures adopted in June and September 2014 were showing encouraging results with regard to a further improvement in overall financing conditions, it had become increasingly evident that they would fall short in quantitative terms. This implied that the expected stimulus via funding cost relief and the boost to lending provided by the TLTROs and the existing private sector asset purchase programmes was more limited than had initially been envisaged. The view was widely shared that inflation developments continued to be weaker than expected. 

Taking into account both the weakened medium-term outlook for price stability and the smaller than envisaged monetary stimulus introduced by the policy measures adopted in June and September 2014, the prevailing degree of monetary policy accommodation was seen to fall short of sufficiently countering the heightened risks to the ECB’s medium-term price stability objective. Against this background, there was a broadly shared view that the conditions were fully in place for taking additional monetary policy action at the current meeting. Moreover, an unwelcome tightening in the monetary policy stance – as reflected, for example, in higher real interest rates in an environment of declining prices with policy rates at the lower bound – needed to be countered. Monetary policy needed to act to anchor inflation expectations in line with price stability over the medium term. Such anchoring required forceful policy action in addressing too low a level of inflation, just as had been the case in the past when countering inflation rates above the ECB’s price stability objective. In addition, the current meeting was the right time to take monetary policy action as it would allow the measures to provide decisive support to the momentum of the recovery in the period ahead.

Against this background, and taking into account the views expressed by the members of the Governing Council, the President concluded that a large majority of voting members supported a decision to launch an expanded asset purchase programme, comprising the existing purchase programmes for ABS and covered bonds as well as purchases of euro-denominated securities issued by euro area governments and agencies and supranational institutions. This programme would start in March 2015 and involve monthly purchases of €60 billion which were intended to last until the end of September 2016, and, in any case, until the Governing Council saw a sustained adjustment in the path of inflation consistent with the aim of achieving inflation rates below, but close to, 2%.
As regards the risk-sharing regime, the consensus reached was that 20% of the overall additional asset purchases would be subject to sharing of hypothetical losses. This included the sharing of possible losses on the NCB purchases of the bonds of supranational institutions, amounting to 12% of the additional asset purchases, as well as the sharing of possible losses on the 8% holdings of the additional purchases by the ECB.

ECB | Joana Taborda |
2/19/2015 1:09:21 PM

Recent Releases

ECB Will Buy 60 Billion Euros of Assets a Month
The European Central Bank announced an asset purchase plan of 60 Billion euros a month and left key interest rates unchanged at record low on January 22nd. The QE programme came bigger than expected, aiming to boost growth and fight low inflation. Published on 2015-01-22

ECB Quantitative Easing Can’t Save the Eurozone
The ECB is likely to launch purchases of sovereign bonds later this week. The action may kick-start demand and fight deflation in the short term but its impact on growth and inflation is likely to be limited, according to a paper published by the Open Europe. Published on 2015-01-19

Calendar GMT Event Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2015-02-19 12:30 PM
ECB MP Meeting Accounts 
2015-02-24 02:00 PM
ECB President Draghi's Speech 
2015-02-25 05:15 PM
ECB President Draghi's Speech 
2015-03-05 12:45 PM
ECB Interest Rate Decision 
0.05% 0.05% 0.05%
2015-03-05 01:30 PM
ECB Press Conference 
2015-04-15 12:45 PM
ECB Interest Rate Decision 

Euro Area Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 0.05 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Interbank Rate 0.06 0.08 11.82 0.06 percent [+]
Money Supply M1 6042347.00 5908113.00 6042347.00 444072.00 EUR Million [+]
Money Supply M2 9743251.00 9633679.00 9743251.00 1070326.00 EUR Million [+]
Money Supply M3 10438388.00 10309234.00 10438388.00 1097365.00 EUR Billion [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 2167794.00 2181954.00 3102227.00 692641.00 EUR Million [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 328993.00 327643.00 340247.00 178392.00 USD Million [+]
Loans to Private Sector 10584745.00 10503089.00 11104492.00 3241223.00 EUR Million [+]

Interest Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 2.25 Mar/15 2.25 17.50 2.25 percent [+]
Brazil 12.25 Feb/15 12.25 45.00 7.25 percent [+]
Canada 0.75 Jan/15 1.00 16.00 0.25 percent [+]
China 5.35 Mar/15 5.60 10.98 5.31 percent [+]
Euro Area 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
France 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Germany 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
India 7.75 Feb/15 7.75 14.50 4.25 percent [+]
Indonesia 7.50 Feb/15 7.75 12.75 5.75 percent [+]
Italy 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Japan 0.00 Feb/15 0.00 9.00 0.00 percent [+]
Mexico 3.00 Jan/15 3.00 9.25 3.00 percent [+]
Netherlands 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Russia 15.00 Jan/15 17.00 17.00 5.00 percent [+]
South Korea 2.00 Feb/15 2.00 5.25 2.00 percent [+]
Spain 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Switzerland -0.75 Jan/15 -0.25 3.50 -0.75 percent [+]
Turkey 7.50 Feb/15 7.75 500.00 4.50 percent [+]
United Kingdom 0.50 Feb/15 0.50 17.00 0.50 percent [+]
United States 0.25 Jan/15 0.25 20.00 0.25 percent [+]