India Interest Rate 2000-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast | News

The benchmark interest rate in India was last recorded at 7.50 percent. Interest Rate in India averaged 6.69 percent from 2000 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 14.50 percent in August of 2000 and a record low of 4.25 percent in April of 2009. Interest Rate in India is reported by the Reserve Bank of India.

India Interest Rate

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
7.50 7.75 14.50 4.25 2000 - 2015 percent Daily
In India, interest rate decisions are taken by the Reserve Bank of India's Central Board of Directors. The official interest rate is the benchmark repurchase rate. In 2014, the primary objective of the RBI monetary policy became price stability, giving less importance to government's borrowing, the stability of the rupee exchange rate and the need to protect exports. In February 2015, the government and the central bank agreed to set a consumer inflation target of 4 percent, with a band of plus or minus 2 percentage points, from the financial year ending in March 2017. This page provides - India Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - India Interest Rate - was last refreshed on Friday, March 27, 2015.

RBI Cuts Repo Rate to 7.5%

The Reserve Bank of India cut its benchmark policy repo rate by 25 bps to 7.5 percent in a surprise meeting on March 4th. It is the second rate cut this year, citing slowing inflation, weak growth and important government reforms.

Excerpts from the statement by Dr. Raghuram G. Rajan, Governor:

Disinflation is evolving along the path set out by the Reserve Bank in January 2014 and, in fact, at a faster pace than earlier envisaged.

The uncertainties surrounding any inflation projection are, however, not insignificant. 

Perhaps the most significant influences on near-term inflation will be the strength of aggregate demand relative to available capacity. Two recent developments pertaining to the demand-supply balance are the recently-released GDP estimates and the Union Budget for 2015-16.

The Central Statistical Organisation is to be commended on the changes it has made to the methodology of estimating GDP, bringing India up to international best practice. Yet the picture it presents of a robust economy, with growth having picked up significantly over the last three years, is at odds with still-low direct measures of growth of production, credit, imports and capacity utilisation as well as with anecdotal evidence on the state of the economic cycle. Nevertheless, the picture of a steadily recovering economy appears right.

The fiscal impulses in the Union Budget then assume importance. There are many important and valuable structural reforms embedded in this Budget, which will help improve supply over the medium term. In the short run, however, the postponement of fiscal consolidation to the 3 percent target by one year will add to aggregate demand. At a time of accelerating economic recovery, this is, prima facie, a source for concern from the standpoint of aggregate demand management, especially with large borrowings intended for public sector enterprises.

Finally, the rupee has remained strong relative to peer countries. While an excessively strong rupee is undesirable, it too creates disinflationary impulses. It bears repeating here that the Reserve Bank does not target a level for the exchange rate, nor does it have an overall target for foreign exchange reserves. It does intervene on occasion, in both directions, to reduce avoidable volatility in the exchange rate. Any reserve build-up is a residual consequence of such actions rather than a direct objective.

Consequently, it has been decided to:
reduce the policy repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) by 25 basis points from 7.75 per cent to 7.5 per cent with immediate effect;
keep the cash reserve ratio (CRR) of scheduled banks unchanged at 4.0 per cent of net demand and time liabilities (NDTL);
continue to provide liquidity under overnight repos at 0.25 per cent of bank-wise NDTL at the LAF repo rate and liquidity under 7-day and 14-day term repos of up to 0.75 per cent of NDTL of the banking system through auctions; and
continue with daily variable rate repos and reverse repos to smooth liquidity.

RBI | Joana Taborda |
3/4/2015 9:26:45 AM

Recent Releases

India Holds Policy Rate Unchanged
The Reserve Bank of India left its benchmark repo rate at 7.75 percent, as policymakers waited for more evidence of last month's rate cut and indicated that the key to further easing are continuing disinflationary pressures and sustained fiscal consolidation. Published on 2015-02-03

India Cuts Policy Rate to 7.75%
The Reserve Bank of India cut its benchmark policy repo rate by 25 bps to 7.75 percent in a surprise meeting on January 15th, aiming to boost growth amid slowing inflation. Policymakers also signaled further monetary easing, depending on continuing disinflationary pressures, fiscal consolidation and supply constraints. Published on 2015-01-15

Calendar GMT Event Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2015-01-15 03:00 AM
RBI Interest Rate Decision 
7.75% 8.0%
2015-02-03 05:30 AM
RBI Interest Rate Decision 
7.75% 7.75% 7.75% 7.5%
2015-03-04 03:00 AM
RBI Interest Rate Decision 
7.5% 7.75%
2015-04-07 06:30 AM
RBI Interest Rate Decision 
7.5% 7.5% 7.5%
2015-06-03 06:30 AM
RBI Interest Rate Decision 
2015-08-05 06:30 AM
RBI Interest Rate Decision 

India Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 7.50 7.75 14.50 4.25 percent [+]
Interbank Rate 8.39 8.23 12.97 3.10 percent [+]
Money Supply M1 22239.04 21850.00 22239.04 80.15 INR Billion [+]
Money Supply M2 22689.78 22302.12 22689.78 1127.49 INR Billion [+]
Money Supply M3 105321.20 104155.85 105321.20 123.52 INR Billion [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 13056.58 12384.62 13289.32 1624.31 INR Billions [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 339990.00 338079.00 383643.00 29048.00 USD Million [+]
Loan Growth 10.76 11.02 42.00 5.20 percent [+]

Interest Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 2.25 Mar/15 2.25 17.50 2.25 percent [+]
Brazil 12.75 Mar/15 12.25 45.00 7.25 percent [+]
Canada 0.75 Mar/15 0.75 16.00 0.25 percent [+]
China 5.35 Mar/15 5.60 10.98 5.31 percent [+]
Euro Area 0.05 Mar/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
France 0.05 Mar/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Germany 0.05 Mar/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
India 7.50 Mar/15 7.75 14.50 4.25 percent [+]
Indonesia 7.50 Mar/15 7.50 12.75 5.75 percent [+]
Italy 0.05 Mar/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Japan 0.00 Mar/15 0.00 9.00 0.00 percent [+]
Mexico 3.00 Mar/15 3.00 9.25 3.00 percent [+]
Netherlands 0.05 Mar/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Russia 14.00 Mar/15 15.00 17.00 5.00 percent [+]
South Korea 1.75 Mar/15 2.00 5.25 1.75 percent [+]
Spain 0.05 Mar/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Switzerland -0.75 Mar/15 -0.75 3.50 -0.75 percent [+]
Turkey 7.50 Mar/15 7.50 500.00 4.50 percent [+]
United Kingdom 0.50 Mar/15 0.50 17.00 0.50 percent [+]
United States 0.25 Mar/15 0.25 20.00 0.25 percent [+]