United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)  1948-2016 | Data

The Institute for Supply Management’s Manufacturing PMI came in at 50.8 in April of 2016, down from 51.8 in March and below market expectations of 51.4. Manufacturing activity in the US expanded for the second consecutive month although growth slowed as production, new orders and inventories declined while employment remained negative,suggesting a big recovery is still fragile. Business Confidence in the United States averaged 52.77 from 1948 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 77.50 in July of 1950 and a record low of 29.40 in May of 1980. Business Confidence in the United States is reported by the Institute for Supply Management.

United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
50.80 48.00 77.50 29.40 1948 - 2016 Monthly
The Manufacturing ISM Report On Business® is based on data compiled from purchasing and supply executives nationwide. Survey responses reflect the change, if any, in the current month compared to the previous month. For each of the indicators measured (New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Imports, Production, Supplier Deliveries, Inventories, Customers' Inventories, Employment and Prices), the report shows the percentage reporting each response, the net difference between the number of responses in the positive economic direction and the negative economic direction, and the diffusion index. A PMI™ reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2016.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-05-02 02:00 PM Apr 50.8 51.8 51.4 51.3
2016-05-02 02:00 PM Apr 59 51.5 52
2016-05-02 02:00 PM Apr 55.8 58.3
2016-06-01 02:00 PM May
2016-06-01 02:00 PM May 55.8
2016-06-01 02:00 PM May 49.2

ISM Manufacturing PMI Below Expectations


The Institute for Supply Management’s Manufacturing PMI came in at 50.8 in April of 2016, down from 51.8 in March and below market expectations of 51.4. Manufacturing activity in the US expanded for the second consecutive month although growth slowed as production, new orders and inventories declined while employment remained negative, suggesting the recovery is still fragile.

The New Orders Index registered 55.8 percent, a decrease of 2.5 percentage points from the March reading of 58.3 percent. 
The Production Index registered 54.2 percent, 1.1 percentage points lower than the March reading of 55.3 percent. 

The Employment Index registered 49.2 percent, 1.1 percentage points above the March reading of 48.1 percent. 

Inventories of raw materials registered 45.5 percent, a decrease of 1.5 percentage points from the March reading of 47 percent. 

The Prices Index registered 59 percent, an increase of 7.5 percentage points from the March reading of 51.5 percent, indicating higher raw materials prices for the second consecutive month. 

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 11 are reporting growth in April in the following order: Wood Products; Printing & Related Support Activities; Paper Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Primary Metals; Fabricated Metal Products; Chemical Products; Machinery; Computer & Electronic Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products. The four industries reporting contraction in April are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Transportation Equipment; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and Furniture & Related Products.

ISM | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
5/2/2016 3:08:15 PM

United States Business Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Business Confidence 50.80 48.00 77.50 29.40 [+]
Manufacturing PMI 50.80 51.50 57.90 50.80 [+]
Non Manufacturing PMI 55.70 53.40 62.00 37.60 percent [+]
Services PMI 52.80 51.30 61.00 49.30 Index Points [+]
Composite Pmi 52.40 51.30 61.00 50.00 Index Points [+]
Industrial Production -2.00 -1.60 62.00 -33.70 percent [+]
Industrial Production Mom -0.60 -0.50 16.60 -10.40 percent [+]
Manufacturing Production 0.40 1.00 67.90 -39.40 percent [+]
Capacity Utilization 74.80 75.40 89.40 66.89 percent [+]
Durable Goods Orders 0.80 -2.80 23.80 -19.40 percent [+]
Durable Goods Orders Ex Defense -1.00 -1.90 26.50 -20.00 percent [+]
Durable Goods Orders Ex Transportation -0.20 -1.00 2.80 -4.40 percent [+]
Factory Orders Ex Transportation 0.80 -0.80 4.60 -6.90 percent [+]
Factory Orders 1.10 -2.90 10.50 -10.10 percent [+]
New Orders 453956.00 463938.00 565232.00 223500.00 USD Million [+]
Business Inventories -0.10 0.10 1.40 -2.10 percent [+]
Changes in Inventories 60.90 78.30 117.20 -206.10 USD Billion [+]
Wholesale Inventories -0.50 -0.20 2.10 -2.00 percent [+]
Bankruptcies 24797.00 24735.00 82446.00 19695.00 Companies [+]
Corporate Profits 1380.40 1533.90 1642.70 14.40 USD Billion [+]
NFIB Business Optimism Index 92.60 92.90 107.70 80.10 Index Points [+]
NY Empire State Manufacturing Index 9.56 0.62 38.99 -34.82 Index Points [+]
Ism New York Index 57.00 50.40 88.80 23.40 percent [+]
Dallas Fed Manufacturing Index -13.90 -13.60 47.00 -60.20 Index Points [+]
Chicago Fed National Activity Index -0.44 -0.29 2.70 -5.02 [+]
Philadelphia Fed Manufacturing Index -1.60 12.40 58.50 -57.90 Index Points [+]
Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index 14.00 22.00 27.00 -42.00 Index Points [+]
Chicago Pmi 50.40 53.60 78.80 21.40 Index Points [+]
Total Vehicle Sales 17.42 16.57 21.77 9.05 Millions [+]
Car Production 3.93 4.02 9.92 1.29 Million Units [+]
Car Registrations 574.50 517.20 1149.00 331.50 Thousand [+]
Crude Oil Stocks Change 2.78 2.00 12.49 -15.22 BBL/1Million [+]
Natural Gas Stocks Change 73.00 7.00 147.00 -287.00 Billion cf [+]
Gasoline Stocks Change 536.00 1608.00 11456.00 -8419.00 Thousand Barrels (MB) [+]
Leading Economic Index 178.30 178.30 178.30 70.21 Index Points [+]
Small Business Sentiment 51.67 49.03 59.12 48.35 [+]
Steel Production 6748.00 6366.00 11951.00 3799.00 Thousand Tonnes [+]
Mining Production -12.90 -10.50 13.70 -12.90 percent [+]
Ease of Doing Business 7.00 7.00 7.00 4.00 [+]
Corruption Index 76.00 74.00 78.00 71.00 Points [+]
Corruption Rank 16.00 17.00 24.00 14.00 [+]
Competitiveness Index 5.61 5.54 5.79 5.42 Points [+]
Competitiveness Rank 3.00 3.00 7.00 1.00 [+]




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Albania 2.20 Mar/16
Angola -20.00 Dec/15
Australia 6.00 Mar/16
Austria -8.50 Apr/16
Bangladesh 9.35 Dec/14
Belgium -2.40 Apr/16
Brazil 36.20 Apr/16
Bulgaria 16.00 Apr/16
Canada 50.10 Mar/16
Cape Verde -10.00 Mar/16
Chile 42.76 Mar/16
China 50.10 Apr/16
Colombia 4.10 Mar/16
Croatia 3.60 Apr/16
Cyprus 113.30 Apr/16
Czech Republic 93.80 Apr/16
Denmark -6.00 Apr/16
Ecuador 1152.00 Mar/16
Estonia 99.50 Apr/16
Euro Area 0.13 Apr/16
European Union 105.10 Apr/16
Finland -10.50 Apr/16
France 104.00 Apr/16
Georgia 14.00 Mar/16
Germany 106.60 Apr/16
Greece 90.30 Apr/16
Hong Kong -4.00 Jun/16
Hungary 2.20 Apr/16
India 53.90 Dec/15
Indonesia 104.28 Mar/16
Ireland 47.00 Dec/15
Israel 17.70 Mar/16
Italy 102.70 Apr/16
Japan 6.00 Mar/16
Kazakhstan 3.00 Mar/16
Latvia -0.80 Apr/16
Lithuania -7.00 Apr/16
Luxembourg 108.00 Apr/16
Macedonia 22.00 Mar/16
Malaysia 92.90 Mar/16
Malta 109.20 Apr/16
Mauritius 93.40 Dec/15
Mexico 52.90 Mar/16
Mozambique 98.70 Feb/16
Netherlands 4.70 Apr/16
New Zealand 6.20 Apr/16
Nigeria -10.30 Mar/16
Norway -7.00 Mar/16
Peru 47.00 Feb/16
Philippines 41.90 Mar/16
Poland 5.40 Apr/16
Portugal 1.30 Apr/16
Qatar 19.30 Sep/15
Romania -0.10 Apr/16
Russia -4.00 Apr/16
Saudi Arabia 9.00 Sep/15
Sierra Leone 66.10 Dec/13
Singapore 1.00 Mar/16
Slovakia 7.00 Apr/16
Slovenia 8.00 Apr/16
South Africa 36.00 Mar/16
South Korea 71.00 Apr/16
Spain -2.10 Apr/16
Sweden 106.30 Apr/16
Switzerland 102.69 Apr/16
Thailand 51.50 Mar/16
Turkey 110.10 Apr/16
Uganda 54.10 Apr/16
Ukraine 98.40 Mar/16
United Kingdom -5.00 Jun/16
United States 50.80 Apr/16