United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate was recorded at 4.9 percent in August 2016, unchanged from the previous two months while missing market expectations of 4.8 percent. The number of unemployed persons was flat at 7.8 million and the labor force participation rate stood at 62.8 percent. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.82 percent from 1948 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.90 4.90 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2016 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on October of 2016.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-07-08 12:30 PM Jun 4.9% 4.7% 4.8% 4.8%
2016-08-05 12:30 PM Jul 4.9% 4.9% 4.8% 4.9%
2016-09-02 12:30 PM Aug 4.9% 4.9% 4.8% 4.9%
2016-10-07 12:30 PM Sep 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2016-11-04 01:30 PM Oct 5%
2016-12-02 01:30 PM Nov 5.1%

US Jobless Rate Unchanged at 4.9% in August


US unemployment rate was recorded at 4.9 percent in August 2016, unchanged from the previous two months while missing market expectations of 4.8 percent. The number of unemployed persons was flat at 7.8 million and the labor force participation rate stood at 62.8 percent.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.5 percent), adult women (4.5 percent), teenagers (15.7 percent), Whites (4.4 percent),  Blacks (8.1 percent), Asians (4.2 percent), and Hispanics (5.6 percent) showed  little change in August. 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 2.0 million in August. These individuals accounted for 26.1 percent of the unemployed. 

Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 59.7 percent, were unchanged in August. The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 6.1 million in August. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In August, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about the same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 576,000 discouraged workers in August, little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
9/2/2016 1:40:44 PM

United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.90 4.90 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 151.00 275.00 1115.00 -1967.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 25.00 50.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 126.00 225.00 1089.00 -814.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls -14.00 6.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 254.00 251.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2062.00 2108.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 177.00 194.00 357.00 -881.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 151614.00 151517.00 151614.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7849.00 7770.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.30 0.60 -0.30 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.30 34.40 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.80 62.80 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.26 1.27 2.80 1.19 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.20 10.80 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 106.00 106.20 107.00 27.60 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 110.10 108.90 110.10 17.12 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6090.00 5607.00 6197.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5871.00 5643.00 5871.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 32188.00 45346.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 21.64 21.60 21.64 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.47 20.46 20.47 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 3.70 4.07 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.60 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index -0.70 1.00 28.50 -43.60 [+]
Population 321.57 319.07 321.57 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Family 2710.00 2680.00 2850.00 2680.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1660.00 1650.00 1710.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27207.00 27595.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 124301.00 123892.00 124301.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 59.70 59.70 64.70 55.00 percent [+]




Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.65 Jul/16
Afghanistan 40.00 Dec/15
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 32.90 Dec/15
Gambia 29.80 Dec/13
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Swaziland 28.50 Dec/10
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
Palestine 26.90 Jun/16
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
South Africa 26.60 Jun/16
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Macedonia 24.00 Jun/16
Greece 23.40 Jun/16
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Gabon 20.30 Dec/13
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Spain 20.00 Jun/16
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Armenia 18.40 Jun/16
Montenegro 17.32 Jul/16
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Albania 15.90 Jun/16
Tunisia 15.60 Jun/16
Serbia 15.20 Jun/16
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Bahamas 14.80 Dec/15
Jordan 14.70 Jun/16
New Caledonia 14.60 Dec/14
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
Jamaica 13.70 Jun/16
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Nigeria 13.30 Jun/16
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Croatia 13.10 Aug/16
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.50 Jun/16
Cape Verde 12.40 Dec/15
Cyprus 12.10 Aug/16
Puerto Rico 12.10 Aug/16
Georgia 12.00 Dec/15
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Brazil 11.80 Aug/16
Iran 11.80 Mar/16
Maldives 11.60 Dec/14
Italy 11.40 Aug/16
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
Algeria 11.20 Sep/15
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Portugal 10.80 Jun/16
Slovenia 10.80 Jul/16
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Turkmenistan 10.50 Dec/14
Mongolia 10.40 Jun/16
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Turkey 10.20 Jun/16
Barbados 10.10 Jun/16
Belize 10.10 Dec/15
Euro Area 10.10 Aug/16
France 9.90 Jun/16
Latvia 9.50 Jun/16
Costa Rica 9.40 Jun/16
Slovakia 9.40 Aug/16
Argentina 9.30 Jun/16
Ukraine 9.30 Jun/16
Colombia 9.00 Aug/16
Paraguay 8.90 Jun/16
Suriname 8.90 Dec/15
European Union 8.60 Aug/16
Morocco 8.60 Jun/16
Uruguay 8.60 Jul/16
Poland 8.50 Aug/16
Belgium 8.40 Aug/16
Austria 8.30 Aug/16
Ireland 8.30 Aug/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Bulgaria 7.97 Aug/16
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Lithuania 7.50 Aug/16
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Honduras 7.30 Dec/15
Venezuela 7.30 Apr/16
Finland 7.20 Aug/16
Oman 7.20 Dec/14
Mauritius 7.10 Jun/16
Canada 7.00 Aug/16
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Chile 6.90 Aug/16
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Haiti 6.80 Dec/14
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Peru 6.80 Aug/16
Ecuador 6.68 Jun/16
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Sweden 6.60 Aug/16
Estonia 6.50 Jun/16
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Luxembourg 6.40 Aug/16
Romania 6.00 Aug/16
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Netherlands 5.80 Aug/16
Australia 5.60 Aug/16
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Chad 5.60 Dec/13
Saudi Arabia 5.60 Jun/16
Indonesia 5.50 Mar/16
Philippines 5.40 Sep/16
Czech Republic 5.30 Aug/16
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
Russia 5.20 Aug/16
New Zealand 5.10 Jun/16
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/15
Kazakhstan 5.00 Aug/16
Norway 5.00 Jul/16
Hungary 4.90 Aug/16
India 4.90 Dec/13
Malta 4.90 Jun/16
United Kingdom 4.90 Jul/16
United States 4.90 Aug/16
Seychelles 4.70 Dec/14
Israel 4.60 Aug/16
Sri Lanka 4.60 Jun/16
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Denmark 4.30 Aug/16
Germany 4.20 Aug/16
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.05 Jun/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Mexico 4.00 Aug/16
Moldova 4.00 Jun/16
Taiwan 3.95 Aug/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
South Korea 3.80 Aug/16
Trinidad and Tobago 3.80 Mar/16
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
Malaysia 3.50 Jul/16
Hong Kong 3.40 Aug/16
Rwanda 3.40 Dec/12
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Switzerland 3.20 Aug/16
Iceland 3.10 Aug/16
Japan 3.10 Aug/16
Nepal 3.00 Dec/14
Guatemala 2.70 Dec/15
Bhutan 2.60 Dec/15
Panama 2.50 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Cuba 2.40 Dec/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.30 Jun/16
Tajikistan 2.30 Jul/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Singapore 2.10 Jun/16
Vietnam 2.06 Jun/16
Macau 1.90 Aug/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Belarus 1.00 Dec/15
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Thailand 0.93 Aug/16
Cambodia 0.50 Dec/15
Qatar 0.20 Dec/15