United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States decreased to 5.30 percent in June from 5.50 percent in May of 2015. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 percent from 1948 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

      Forecast
United States Unemployment Rate
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.30 5.50 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2015 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Friday, July 31, 2015.

Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2015-05-08 01:30 PM Apr 5.4% 5.5% 5.4% 5.5%
2015-06-05 01:30 PM May 5.5% 5.4% 5.4% 5.4%
2015-07-02 01:30 PM Jun 5.3% 5.5% 5.4% 5.5%
2015-08-07 01:30 PM Jul 5.3% 5.3% 5.3%
2015-09-04 01:30 PM Aug 5.4%
2015-10-02 01:30 PM Sep 5.4%


Unemployment Rate Declines to 5.3% in June


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in June, and the unemployment rate declined to 5.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, retail trade, financial activities, and in transportation and warehousing.

The unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.3 percent in June, and the number of unemployed persons declined by 375,000 to 8.3 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.8 percent), adult women (4.8 percent), and blacks (9.5 percent) edged down in June, while the rates for teenagers (18.1 percent), whites (4.6 percent), Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (6.6 percent) showed little change.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined by 381,000 to 2.1 million in June. These individuals accounted for 25.8 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 955,000.

The civilian labor force declined by 432,000 in June, following an increase of similar magnitude in May. The labor force participation rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 62.6 percent in June. The employment-population ratio, at 59.3 percent, was essentially unchanged in June and has shown little movement thus far this year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 6.5 million, changed little in June. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In June, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.

Among the marginally attached, there were 653,000 discouraged workers in June,  essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally  attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as  school attendance or family responsibilities.

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7/2/2015 1:49:59 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate Up to 5.5%
The jobless rate increased for the first time in four months to 5.5 percent in May from 5.4 percent in April as more people joined the labour force.
Published on 2015-06-05

US Unemployment Rate Lowest Since May 2008
The jobless rate fell to 5.4 percent in April from 5.5 percent in the previous two months and the number of unemployed persons edged down to 8.5 million.
Published on 2015-05-08

US Unemployment Rate Steady at 5.5%
The jobless rate held at 5.5 percent in March, the same as in February and the lowest in nearly 7 years. The number of unemployed persons was little changed at 8.6 million.
Published on 2015-04-03

US Unemployment Rate Down to Nearly 7-Year Low
The jobless rate decreased to 5.5 percent in February from 5.7 percent in the previous month. It is the lowest figure since May of 2008 as the number of unemployed persons went down.
Published on 2015-03-06


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.30 5.50 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 223.00 254.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 0.00 4.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 223.00 262.00 1089.00 -819.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 4.00 7.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 267.00 255.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2262.00 2207.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 237.00 203.00 343.00 -826.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 148739.00 148795.00 148795.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 8299.00 8674.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 5430.00 5851.00 5851.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.35 1.59 2.80 1.35 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 12.10 12.20 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 105.57 106.41 106.98 27.55 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.00 0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.60 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 44842.00 41034.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.49 10.53 10.55 9.88 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.84 19.80 19.84 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Labour Costs 107.00 104.91 107.00 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 318.86 316.50 318.86 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Job Offers 5363.00 5334.00 5363.00 2146.00 Thousands [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 0.80 0.90 28.40 -43.10 [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 5.04 4.62 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.00 Jun/15 5.90 10.90 4.00 percent [+]
Brazil 6.90 Jun/15 6.70 13.10 4.30 percent [+]
Canada 6.80 Jun/15 6.80 13.10 2.90 percent [+]
China 4.04 Jun/15 4.10 4.30 3.90 percent [+]
Euro Area 11.10 Jun/15 11.10 12.10 7.20 percent [+]
France 10.30 Mar/15 10.40 10.80 7.20 percent [+]
Germany 4.70 Jun/15 4.70 14.20 0.40 percent [+]
India 4.90 Dec/13 5.20 9.40 4.90 percent [+]
Indonesia 5.81 Mar/15 5.94 11.24 2.00 percent [+]
Italy 12.70 Jun/15 12.50 13.00 5.80 percent [+]
Japan 3.40 Jun/15 3.30 5.60 1.00 percent [+]
Mexico 4.41 Jun/15 4.45 5.93 2.22 percent [+]
Netherlands 6.90 Jun/15 6.90 7.90 3.60 percent [+]
Russia 5.40 Jun/15 5.60 14.10 4.80 percent [+]
South Korea 3.90 Jun/15 3.90 7.10 2.90 percent [+]
Spain 22.37 Jun/15 23.78 26.94 4.41 percent [+]
Switzerland 3.10 Jun/15 3.20 5.40 1.60 percent [+]
Turkey 9.60 Apr/15 10.60 14.80 7.30 percent [+]
United Kingdom 5.60 May/15 5.50 12.00 3.40 percent [+]
United States 5.30 Jun/15 5.50 10.80 2.50 percent [+]