United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2014 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States increased to 6.20 percent in July of 2014 from 6.10 percent in June of 2014. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 Percent from 1948 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 10.80 Percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 Percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

   
 
 
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United States Unemployment Rate


Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
6.20 6.10 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2014 Percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - United States Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Friday, August 22, 2014.


US Unemployment Rate Rises to 6.2% in July


US jobless rate increased to 6.2 percent from 6.1 percent in June as more people entered the labor force. Wages and hours were unchanged from the previous month.

Both the unemployment rate (6.2 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (9.7 million) changed little in July. Over the past 12 months, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively. 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 3.2 million in July. These individuals accounted for 32.9 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.1 million. 

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, changed little in July. The participation rate has been essentially unchanged since April. The employment-population ratio, at 59.0 percent, was unchanged over the month but has edged up by 0.3 percentage point over the past 12 months. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 7.5 million, was unchanged in July. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In July, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 236,000 from a year earlier. These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Among the marginally attached, there were 741,000 discouraged workers in July, down by 247,000 from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July, the same as its average monthly gain over the prior 12 months. In July, employment grew in professional and business services, manufacturing, retail trade, and construction.


Anna Fedec | anna@tradingeconomics.com
8/1/2014 3:20:23 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate Falls to 6.1%
US jobless rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 6.1 percent in June. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 325,000 to 9.5 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.4 percentage points and 2.3 million, respectively. Published on 2014-07-03

US Unemployment Rate Stable in May
US jobless rate held at 6.3 percent in May, following a decline of 0.4 percentage point in April. The number of unemployed persons was unchanged at 9.8 million. Published on 2014-06-06


Calendar GMT Country Event Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast
2014-05-02 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Apr 2014 6.3% 6.7% 6.6% 6.5%
2014-06-06 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
May 2014 6.3% 6.3% 6.4% 6.4%
2014-07-03 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Jun 2014 6.1% 6.3% 6.3% 6.3%
2014-08-01 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Jul 2014 6.2% 6.1% 6.1% 6.1%
2014-09-05 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Aug 2014 6.2% 6.2%


Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 6.20 6.10 10.80 2.50 Percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 209.00 298.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 11.00 28.00 422.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls - Private 198.00 270.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 28.00 23.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 298.00 303.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2500.00 2519.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
Adp Employment Change 218.00 281.00 336.70 -842.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 146352.00 146221.00 146595.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 9671.00 9474.00 15382.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 4712.00 4630.00 5771.00 2134.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 2.02 1.98 2.80 1.98 Percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 13.60 13.30 19.60 7.80 Percent [+]
Productivity 105.78 105.27 107.06 31.67 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.04 0.25 0.60 -0.15 Percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.70 33.80 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 63.50 63.40 68.10 57.40 Percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 46887.00 31434.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.29 10.29 10.41 9.88 USD [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.60 19.50 19.60 1.27 USD [+]
Labour Costs 105.68 105.42 105.68 18.26 Index Points [+]
Population 317.30 315.09 317.30 180.67 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 65.83 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.40 Jul/14 6.00 10.90 4.00 Percent [+]
Brazil 4.90 Apr/14 5.00 13.10 4.30 Percent [+]
Canada 7.00 Jul/14 7.10 13.10 2.90 Percent [+]
China 4.10 Jun/14 4.10 4.30 3.90 Percent [+]
Euro Area 11.50 Jun/14 11.60 12.00 7.20 Percent [+]
France 10.10 Feb/14 10.10 10.80 7.20 Percent [+]
Germany 5.10 Jun/14 5.10 14.20 0.40 Percent [+]
India 5.20 Dec/12 6.30 9.40 5.20 Percent [+]
Indonesia 5.70 Feb/14 6.17 11.24 2.00 Percent [+]
Italy 12.30 Jun/14 12.60 12.80 5.90 Percent [+]
Japan 3.70 Jun/14 3.50 5.60 1.00 Percent [+]
Mexico 4.80 Jun/14 4.92 5.93 2.22 Percent [+]
Netherlands 8.20 Jul/14 8.40 8.80 3.40 Percent [+]
Russia 4.90 Jul/14 4.90 14.10 4.90 Percent [+]
South Korea 3.40 Jul/14 3.60 7.10 2.90 Percent [+]
Spain 24.47 May/14 25.93 26.94 4.41 Percent [+]
Switzerland 2.90 Jul/14 2.90 5.40 1.60 Percent [+]
Turkey 8.80 May/14 9.00 16.10 8.00 Percent [+]
United Kingdom 6.40 Jun/14 6.50 12.00 3.40 Percent [+]
United States 6.20 Jul/14 6.10 10.80 2.50 Percent [+]





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