United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States increased to 5.70 percent in January of 2015 from 5.60 percent in December of 2014. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 percent from 1948 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

      Forecast    
United States Unemployment Rate


Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.70 5.60 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2015 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - United States Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Friday, February 27, 2015.


US Unemployment Rate Edges Up to 5.7%


US jobless rate increased to 5.7 percent in January of 2015 from 5.6 percent in the previous month as more unemployed started looking for work.

The civilian labor force rose by 703,000 in January, after accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls. The labor force participation rate rose by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent, following a decline of equal magnitude in the prior month. Total employment, as measured by the household survey, increased by 435,000 in January, and the employment-population ratio was little changed at 59.3 percent.  The number of unemployed persons, at 9.0 million, was little changed in January. 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers (18.8 percent) increased in January. The jobless rates for adult men (5.3 percent), adult women (5.1 percent), whites (4.9 percent), blacks (10.3 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics (6.7 percent) showed little or no change.

In January, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 2.8 million. These individuals accounted for 31.5 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by 828,000. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in January at 6.8 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In January, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 358,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.6 hours in January. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 41.0 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.5 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours. 

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 12 cents to $24.75, following a decrease of 5 cents in December. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.2 percent. In January, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 7 cents to $20.80. 

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
2/6/2015 1:54:12 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate at 6-1/2-Year Low
US jobless rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.6 percent in December, the lowest since June of 2008. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 383,000 to 8.7 million. Published on 2015-01-09

US Unemployment Rate Unchanged at 5.8% in November
US jobless rate remained stable at 5.8 percent in November and the number of unemployed persons was little changed at 9.1 million. Published on 2014-12-05


Calendar GMT Event Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2014-12-05 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Nov
5.8% 5.8% 5.8% 5.7%
2015-01-09 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Dec
5.6% 5.8% 5.7% 5.7%
2015-02-06 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Jan
5.7% 5.6% 5.6% 5.6%
2015-03-06 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Feb
5.7% 5.7%
2015-04-03 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Mar
5.6%
2015-05-08 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Apr
5.6%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.70 5.60 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 257.00 329.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -10.00 9.00 422.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 267.00 320.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 22.00 26.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 313.00 279.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2401.00 2367.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
Adp Employment Change 213.30 253.30 336.70 -842.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 148201.00 147442.00 148201.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 8979.00 8688.00 15382.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 4427.00 4402.00 5771.00 2134.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.78 1.78 2.80 1.78 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 12.20 12.40 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 106.59 107.07 107.07 27.55 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.50 -0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.60 34.60 34.70 33.80 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.90 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 53041.00 32640.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.40 10.39 10.41 9.88 USD [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.65 19.71 19.71 1.27 USD [+]
Labour Costs 104.22 103.52 105.10 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 318.86 316.50 318.86 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Job Offers 5028.00 4847.00 5273.00 2146.00 Hundreds [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD [+]
Wage Growth 4.77 4.51 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.40 Jan/15 6.10 10.90 4.00 percent [+]
Brazil 5.30 Jan/15 4.30 13.10 4.30 percent [+]
Canada 6.60 Jan/15 6.70 13.10 2.90 percent [+]
China 4.10 Nov/14 4.10 4.30 3.90 percent [+]
Euro Area 11.40 Dec/14 11.50 12.00 7.20 percent [+]
France 10.40 Aug/14 10.10 10.80 7.20 percent [+]
Germany 4.70 Jan/15 4.80 14.20 0.40 percent [+]
India 5.20 Dec/12 6.30 9.40 5.20 percent [+]
Indonesia 5.94 Aug/14 5.70 11.24 2.00 percent [+]
Italy 12.90 Dec/14 13.30 13.40 5.90 percent [+]
Japan 3.60 Jan/15 3.40 5.60 1.00 percent [+]
Mexico 3.76 Dec/14 4.53 5.93 2.22 percent [+]
Netherlands 7.20 Jan/15 7.20 8.80 3.40 percent [+]
Russia 5.50 Jan/15 5.30 14.10 4.80 percent [+]
South Korea 3.40 Jan/15 3.50 7.10 2.90 percent [+]
Spain 23.70 Nov/14 23.67 26.94 4.41 percent [+]
Switzerland 3.50 Jan/15 3.40 5.40 1.60 percent [+]
Turkey 10.70 Nov/14 10.40 16.10 8.00 percent [+]
United Kingdom 5.70 Dec/14 5.80 12.00 3.40 percent [+]
United States 5.70 Jan/15 5.60 10.80 2.50 percent [+]