United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2014 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States decreased to 5.90 percent in September of 2014 from 6.10 percent in August of 2014. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 Percent from 1948 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 10.80 Percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 Percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

   
 
 

United States Unemployment Rate


Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.90 6.10 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2014 Percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - United States Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Wednesday, October 22, 2014.


US Unemployment Rate Down to 6-Year Low


US jobless rate decreased to 5.9 percent in September from 6.1 percent in August, the lowest rate since July of 2008. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 329,000 to 9.3 million.

Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.3 percentage points and 1.9 million, respectively.

Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs decreased by 306,000 in September to 4.5 million. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 3.0 million in September. These individuals accounted for 31.9 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by 1.2 million. 

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, changed little in September. The employment-population ratio was 59.0 percent for the fourth consecutive month. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in September at 7.1 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In September, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
10/3/2014 1:55:18 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate Falls in August
US jobless rate decreased to 6.1 percent in August from 6.2 percent in July. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively. Published on 2014-09-05

US Unemployment Rate Rises to 6.2% in July
US jobless rate increased to 6.2 percent from 6.1 percent in June as more people entered the labor force. Wages and hours were unchanged from the previous month. Published on 2014-08-01


Calendar GMT Country Event Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast
2014-07-03 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Jun 2014 6.1% 6.3% 6.3% 6.3%
2014-08-01 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Jul 2014 6.2% 6.1% 6.1% 6.1%
2014-09-05 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Aug 2014 6.1% 6.2% 6.1% 6.2%
2014-10-03 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Sep 2014 5.9% 6.1% 6.1% 6.1%
2014-11-07 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Oct 2014 5.9% 6.1%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.90 6.10 10.80 2.50 Percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 248.00 180.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 12.00 5.00 422.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 236.00 175.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 4.00 -4.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 264.00 288.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2389.00 2382.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
Adp Employment Change 213.00 202.00 336.70 -842.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 146600.00 146368.00 146600.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 9262.00 9591.00 15382.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 4712.00 4630.00 5771.00 2134.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 2.02 1.98 2.80 1.98 Percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 13.00 13.60 19.60 7.80 Percent [+]
Productivity 105.97 105.36 106.57 27.55 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.00 0.30 0.60 -0.15 Percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.60 34.50 34.70 33.80 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.80 67.30 58.10 Percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 30477.00 40010.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.29 10.29 10.41 9.88 USD [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.60 19.50 19.60 1.27 USD [+]
Labour Costs 105.09 105.10 105.10 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 317.30 315.09 317.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 65.83 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Job Offers 4835.00 4605.00 5273.00 2146.00 Hundreds [+]