United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States remained unchanged at 5.30 percent in July from 5.30 percent in June of 2015. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 percent from 1948 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

United States Unemployment Rate
Please Paste this Code in your Website

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.30 5.30 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2015 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Sunday, August 30, 2015.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2015-06-05 01:30 PM May 5.5% 5.4% 5.4% 5.4%
2015-07-02 01:30 PM Jun 5.3% 5.5% 5.4% 5.5%
2015-08-07 01:30 PM Jul 5.3% 5.3% 5.3% 5.3%
2015-09-04 01:30 PM Aug 5.3% 5.3% 5.2%
2015-10-02 01:30 PM Sep 5.2%
2015-11-06 01:30 PM Oct 5.2%


US Unemployment Rate Steady at 5.3% in July


Jobless rate in the US was unchanged at 5.3 percent and total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 215,000 in July. Job gains occurred in retail trade, health care, professional and technical services, and financial activities.

In July, both the unemployment rate (5.3 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (8.3 million) were unchanged. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.9 percentage point and 1.4 million, respectively. 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers declined to 16.2 percent in July. The rates for adult men (4.8 percent), adult women (4.9 percent), whites (4.6 percent), blacks (9.1 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics (6.8 percent) showed little or no change. 

Among the unemployed, the number of new entrants decreased by 107,000 in July. New entrants are unemployed persons who never previously worked. 

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 2.2 million. These individuals accounted for 26.9 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by 986,000. 

The civilian labor force participation rate was unchanged at 62.6 percent in July, after declining by 0.3 percentage point in June. The employment-population ratio, at 59.3 percent, was also unchanged in July and has shown little movement thus far this year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in July at 6.3 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In July, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 251,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Among the marginally attached, there were 668,000 discouraged workers in July, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
8/7/2015 1:33:56 PM


Recent Releases

Unemployment Rate Declines to 5.3% in June
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in June, and the unemployment rate declined to 5.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, retail trade, financial activities, and in transportation and warehousing.
Published on 2015-07-02

US Unemployment Rate Up to 5.5%
The jobless rate increased for the first time in four months to 5.5 percent in May from 5.4 percent in April as more people joined the labour force.
Published on 2015-06-05

US Unemployment Rate Lowest Since May 2008
The jobless rate fell to 5.4 percent in April from 5.5 percent in the previous two months and the number of unemployed persons edged down to 8.5 million.
Published on 2015-05-08

US Unemployment Rate Steady at 5.5%
The jobless rate held at 5.5 percent in March, the same as in February and the lowest in nearly 7 years. The number of unemployed persons was little changed at 8.6 million.
Published on 2015-04-03


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.30 5.30 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 215.00 223.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 5.00 4.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 210.00 227.00 1089.00 -819.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 15.00 2.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 271.00 277.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2269.00 2254.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 185.00 229.00 343.00 -826.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 148840.00 148739.00 148840.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 8266.00 8299.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 5250.00 5430.00 5851.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.39 1.35 2.80 1.35 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 11.70 12.10 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 105.37 105.02 105.90 27.56 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.20 0.00 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.60 34.50 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.60 62.60 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 105696.00 44842.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.50 10.49 10.55 9.88 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.93 19.84 19.93 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Labour Costs 107.26 107.13 107.26 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 318.86 316.50 318.86 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.20 0.70 1.60 0.20 Percent [+]
Job Offers 5249.00 5357.00 5357.00 2146.00 Thousands [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.10 1.40 28.40 -43.10 [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.24 4.27 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.30 Jul/15 6.00 10.90 4.00 percent [+]
Brazil 7.50 Jul/15 6.90 13.10 4.30 percent [+]
Canada 6.80 Jul/15 6.80 13.10 2.90 percent [+]
China 4.04 Jun/15 4.10 4.30 3.90 percent [+]
Euro Area 11.10 Jun/15 11.10 12.10 7.20 percent [+]
France 10.30 Mar/15 10.40 10.80 7.20 percent [+]
Germany 4.70 Jun/15 4.70 14.20 0.40 percent [+]
India 4.90 Dec/13 5.20 9.40 4.90 percent [+]
Indonesia 5.81 Mar/15 5.94 11.24 2.00 percent [+]
Italy 12.70 Jun/15 12.50 13.00 5.80 percent [+]
Japan 3.30 Jul/15 3.40 5.60 1.00 percent [+]
Mexico 4.72 Jul/15 4.41 5.93 2.22 percent [+]
Netherlands 6.80 Jul/15 6.90 7.90 3.60 percent [+]
Russia 5.30 Jul/15 5.40 14.10 4.80 percent [+]
South Korea 3.70 Jul/15 3.90 7.10 2.90 percent [+]
Spain 22.37 Jun/15 23.78 26.94 4.41 percent [+]
Switzerland 3.10 Jul/15 3.10 5.40 1.60 percent [+]
Turkey 9.30 May/15 9.60 14.80 7.30 percent [+]
United Kingdom 5.60 Jun/15 5.60 12.00 3.40 percent [+]
United States 5.30 Jul/15 5.30 10.80 2.50 percent [+]