United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment rate in the United States was recorded at 5 percent in April 2016, unchanged from the March rate, as more people dropped out of the labor force while the number of unemployed persons was little changed at 7.9 million. The labor force participation rate fell for the first time since September last year. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.82 percent from 1948 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.00 5.00 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2016 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2016.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-03-04 01:30 PM Feb 4.9% 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2016-04-01 12:30 PM Mar 5% 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2016-05-06 12:30 PM Apr 5% 5% 5% 5%
2016-06-03 12:30 PM May 5% 5% 5%
2016-07-08 12:30 PM Jun 5%
2016-08-05 12:30 PM Jul 5%

US Jobless Rate Steady at 5%


Unemployment rate in the United States was recorded at 5 percent in April 2016, unchanged from the March rate, as more people dropped out of the labor force while the number of unemployed persons was little changed at 7.9 million. The labor force participation rate fell for the first time since September.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Hispanics increased to 6.1 percent in April, while the rates for adult men (4.6 percent), adult women  (4.5 percent), teenagers (16.0 percent), Whites (4.3 percent), Blacks (8.8 percent),  and Asians (3.8 percent) showed little or no change. 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined  by 150,000 to 2.1 million. These individuals accounted for 25.7 percent  of the unemployed. 

The labor force participation rate decreased to 62.8 percent and the employment-population ratio edged down to 59.7 percent.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (also referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged at 6.0 million and has shown little movement since November. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

There were 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 400,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 568,000 discouraged workers in April, down by 188,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in April had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
5/6/2016 1:43:48 PM

United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.00 5.00 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 160.00 215.00 1115.00 -1967.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -11.00 20.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 171.00 195.00 1089.00 -814.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 4.00 -29.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 268.00 278.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2163.00 2152.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 156.00 205.00 357.00 -881.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 151004.00 151320.00 151320.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7920.00 7966.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.40 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.80 63.00 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.29 1.39 2.80 1.29 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.80 10.40 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 105.86 106.13 106.59 27.57 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 109.67 108.59 109.67 17.12 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5729.00 5291.00 6197.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5757.00 5608.00 5757.00 2146.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 65100.00 105696.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 21.45 21.40 21.45 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.70 4.34 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.41 20.28 20.41 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.50 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index -0.90 -2.10 28.50 -43.60 [+]
Population 321.57 319.07 321.57 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1750.00 1650.00 1750.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4140.00 4090.00 4140.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Family 2600.00 2740.00 2740.00 2600.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1620.00 1670.00 1670.00 1620.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27797.00 27818.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 123194.00 123447.00 123447.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 59.70 59.90 64.70 55.00 percent [+]




Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.36 Mar/16
Haiti 40.60 Dec/10
Afghanistan 40.00 Dec/15
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 32.90 Dec/15
Gambia 29.80 Dec/13
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Swaziland 28.50 Dec/10
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
South Africa 26.70 Mar/16
Palestine 26.60 Mar/16
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Macedonia 24.62 Dec/15
Greece 24.22 Feb/16
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Spain 21.00 Mar/16
Gabon 20.30 Dec/13
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Armenia 19.60 Dec/15
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Serbia 17.90 Dec/15
Montenegro 17.88 Apr/16
Albania 17.70 Dec/15
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Croatia 15.90 Apr/16
Cape Verde 15.80 Dec/14
Bahamas 15.70 Dec/14
Tunisia 15.40 Mar/16
Oman 15.00 Dec/11
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Jordan 14.60 Mar/16
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
New Caledonia 13.80 Dec/09
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Jamaica 13.10 Sep/15
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.70 Mar/16
Portugal 12.40 Mar/16
Cyprus 12.10 Mar/16
Nigeria 12.10 Mar/16
Georgia 12.00 Dec/15
Slovenia 12.00 Mar/16
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Iran 11.80 Mar/16
Maldives 11.60 Dec/14
Mongolia 11.60 Mar/16
Italy 11.40 Mar/16
Puerto Rico 11.40 Apr/16
Barbados 11.30 Sep/15
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
Algeria 11.20 Sep/15
Belize 11.10 Dec/14
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Brazil 10.90 Mar/16
Turkey 10.90 Feb/16
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Turkmenistan 10.50 Dec/14
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Euro Area 10.20 Mar/16
France 10.20 Mar/16
Colombia 10.10 Mar/16
Morocco 10.00 Mar/16
Ukraine 9.90 Dec/15
Bulgaria 9.88 Mar/16
Finland 9.80 Apr/16
Latvia 9.80 Dec/15
Slovakia 9.60 Apr/16
Costa Rica 9.50 Mar/16
Poland 9.50 Apr/16
Austria 9.10 Apr/16
Suriname 8.90 Dec/14
European Union 8.80 Mar/16
Belgium 8.50 Mar/16
Lithuania 8.30 Apr/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Uruguay 8.00 Mar/16
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Ireland 7.90 Apr/16
Mauritius 7.90 Dec/15
Chad 7.80 Dec/12
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Sweden 7.30 Apr/16
Canada 7.10 Apr/16
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Peru 7.00 May/16
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Luxembourg 6.60 Apr/16
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Estonia 6.50 Mar/16
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Netherlands 6.40 Apr/16
Romania 6.40 Mar/16
Chile 6.30 Mar/16
Venezuela 6.00 Dec/15
Argentina 5.90 Sep/15
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Russia 5.90 Apr/16
Hungary 5.80 Apr/16
Paraguay 5.80 Dec/15
Philippines 5.80 Mar/16
Australia 5.70 Apr/16
Czech Republic 5.70 Apr/16
New Zealand 5.70 Mar/16
Ecuador 5.65 Dec/15
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Saudi Arabia 5.60 Dec/15
Indonesia 5.50 Mar/16
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
Malta 5.20 Dec/15
Kazakhstan 5.10 Mar/16
United Kingdom 5.10 Mar/16
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/13
United States 5.00 Apr/16
India 4.90 Dec/13
Israel 4.90 Apr/16
Norway 4.70 Mar/16
Seychelles 4.70 Dec/14
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Honduras 4.30 Dec/13
Sri Lanka 4.30 Dec/15
Denmark 4.20 Mar/16
Germany 4.20 Mar/16
Moldova 4.20 Dec/15
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.04 Mar/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Taiwan 3.97 Apr/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Mexico 3.80 Apr/16
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
Iceland 3.70 Apr/16
South Korea 3.70 Apr/16
Malaysia 3.50 Mar/16
Switzerland 3.50 Apr/16
Hong Kong 3.40 Apr/16
Rwanda 3.40 Dec/12
Trinidad and Tobago 3.40 Sep/15
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Japan 3.20 Mar/16
Guatemala 2.90 Jun/14
Cuba 2.70 Dec/14
Nepal 2.70 Dec/13
Bhutan 2.60 Dec/15
Panama 2.50 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Tajikistan 2.40 Feb/16
Vietnam 2.31 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.30 Mar/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Macau 1.90 Apr/16
Singapore 1.90 Mar/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Thailand 1.04 Mar/16
Belarus 1.00 Dec/15
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Cambodia 0.30 Dec/13
Qatar 0.20 Dec/15