United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2014 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States decreased to 6.10 percent in August of 2014 from 6.20 percent in July of 2014. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 Percent from 1948 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 10.80 Percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 Percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

   
 
 

United States Unemployment Rate


Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
6.10 6.20 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2014 Percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - United States Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Thursday, September 18, 2014.


US Unemployment Rate Falls in August


US jobless rate decreased to 6.1 percent in August from 6.2 percent in July. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates in August showed little or no change for adult men (5.7 percent), adult women (5.7 percent), teenagers (19.6 percent), whites (5.3 percent), blacks (11.4 percent), and Hispanics (7.5 percent). The jobless rate for Asians was 4.5 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined by 192,000 to 3.0 million in August. These individuals accounted for 31.2 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.3 million. 

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in August and has been essentially unchanged since April. In August, the employment-population ratio was 59.0 percent for the third consecutive month but is up by 0.4 percentage point from a year earlier. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in August at 7.3 million. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In August, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 201,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Among the marginally attached, there were 775,000 discouraged workers in August, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
9/5/2014 1:41:05 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate Rises to 6.2% in July
US jobless rate increased to 6.2 percent from 6.1 percent in June as more people entered the labor force. Wages and hours were unchanged from the previous month. Published on 2014-08-01

US Unemployment Rate Falls to 6.1%
US jobless rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 6.1 percent in June. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 325,000 to 9.5 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.4 percentage points and 2.3 million, respectively. Published on 2014-07-03


Calendar GMT Country Event Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast
2014-06-06 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
May 2014 6.3% 6.3% 6.4% 6.4%
2014-07-03 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Jun 2014 6.1% 6.3% 6.3% 6.3%
2014-08-01 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Jul 2014 6.2% 6.1% 6.1% 6.1%
2014-09-05 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Aug 2014 6.1% 6.2% 6.1% 6.2%
2014-10-03 01:30 PM United States
Unemployment Rate
Sep 2014 6.1% 6.1%


Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 6.10 6.20 10.80 2.50 Percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 142.00 212.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 8.00 -1.00 422.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 134.00 213.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 0.00 28.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 315.00 304.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2487.00 2519.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
Adp Employment Change 204.00 212.00 336.70 -842.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 146368.00 146352.00 146595.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 9591.00 9671.00 15382.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 4712.00 4630.00 5771.00 2134.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 2.02 1.98 2.80 1.98 Percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 13.60 13.30 19.60 7.80 Percent [+]
Productivity 106.22 103.81 106.57 27.55 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.20 0.10 0.60 -0.15 Percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.70 33.80 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 106.22 103.81 67.30 58.10 Percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 40010.00 46887.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.29 10.29 10.41 9.88 USD [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.60 19.50 19.60 1.27 USD [+]
Labour Costs 106.22 103.81 105.33 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 317.30 315.09 317.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 65.83 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.10 Aug/14 6.40 10.90 4.00 Percent [+]
Brazil 4.90 Apr/14 5.00 13.10 4.30 Percent [+]
Canada 7.00 Aug/14 7.00 13.10 2.90 Percent [+]
China 4.10 Jun/14 4.10 4.30 3.90 Percent [+]
Euro Area 11.50 Jul/14 11.50 12.00 7.20 Percent [+]
France 10.20 May/14 10.10 10.80 7.20 Percent [+]
Germany 4.90 Jul/14 5.00 14.20 0.40 Percent [+]
India 5.20 Dec/12 6.30 9.40 5.20 Percent [+]
Indonesia 5.70 Feb/14 6.17 11.24 2.00 Percent [+]
Italy 12.60 Jul/14 12.30 12.80 5.90 Percent [+]
Japan 3.80 Jul/14 3.70 5.60 1.00 Percent [+]
Mexico 5.47 Jul/14 4.80 5.93 2.22 Percent [+]
Netherlands 8.00 Aug/14 8.20 8.80 3.40 Percent [+]
Russia 4.80 Aug/14 4.90 14.10 4.80 Percent [+]
South Korea 3.50 Aug/14 3.40 7.10 2.90 Percent [+]
Spain 24.47 May/14 25.93 26.94 4.41 Percent [+]
Switzerland 3.00 Aug/14 2.90 5.40 1.60 Percent [+]
Turkey 9.10 Jun/14 8.80 16.10 8.00 Percent [+]
United Kingdom 6.20 Jul/14 6.40 12.00 3.40 Percent [+]
United States 6.10 Aug/14 6.20 10.80 2.50 Percent [+]





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