United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States decreased to 5.60 percent in December of 2014 from 5.80 percent in November of 2014. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 percent from 1948 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

      Forecast    
United States Unemployment Rate


Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.60 5.80 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2014 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - United States Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Sunday, January 25, 2015.


US Unemployment Rate at 6-1/2-Year Low


US jobless rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.6 percent in December, the lowest since June of 2008. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 383,000 to 8.7 million.

In December, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or longer) was essentially unchanged at 2.8 million and accounted for 31.9 percent of the unemployed. 

The civilian labor force participation rate edged down by 0.2 percentage point to 62.7 percent in December. Since April, the participation rate has remained within a narrow range of 62.7 to 62.9 percent. 

In December, the employment-population ratio was 59.2 percent for the third consecutive month. However, the employment-population ratio is up by 0.6 percentage point over the year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in December at 6.8 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.  

In December, 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively. The number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.1 million.

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
1/9/2015 1:54:10 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate Unchanged at 5.8% in November
US jobless rate remained stable at 5.8 percent in November and the number of unemployed persons was little changed at 9.1 million. Published on 2014-12-05

US Unemployment Rate Drops Further
US jobless rate decreased for the third consecutive month to a fresh six-year low 5.8 percent in October from 5.9 percent in September. The number of unemployed persons edged down to 9.0 million. Published on 2014-11-07


Calendar GMT Event Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2014-11-07 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Oct
5.8% 5.9% 5.9% 5.8%
2014-12-05 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Nov
5.8% 5.8% 5.8% 5.7%
2015-01-09 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Dec
5.6% 5.8% 5.7% 5.7%
2015-02-06 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Jan
5.6% 5.61%
2015-03-06 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Feb
5.58%
2015-04-03 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Mar
5.53%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.60 5.80 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 252.00 353.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 12.00 8.00 422.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 240.00 345.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 17.00 29.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 307.00 298.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2443.00 2475.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
Adp Employment Change 241.00 227.00 336.70 -842.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 147442.00 147331.00 147442.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 8688.00 9071.00 15382.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 4559.00 5077.00 5771.00 2134.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.80 1.87 2.80 1.80 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 12.40 12.70 19.60 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 106.72 106.11 106.72 27.55 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings -0.20 0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.60 34.60 34.70 33.80 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 32640.00 35940.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.40 10.39 10.41 9.88 USD [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.80 19.69 19.80 1.27 USD [+]
Labour Costs 103.87 104.12 105.10 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 317.30 315.09 317.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Job Offers 4972.00 4830.00 5273.00 2146.00 Hundreds [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.10 Dec/14 6.20 10.90 4.00 percent [+]
Brazil 4.80 Nov/14 4.70 13.10 4.30 percent [+]
Canada 6.60 Dec/14 6.60 13.10 2.90 percent [+]
China 4.10 Nov/14 4.10 4.30 3.90 percent [+]
Euro Area 11.50 Nov/14 11.50 12.00 7.20 percent [+]
France 10.40 Aug/14 10.10 10.80 7.20 percent [+]
Germany 5.00 Nov/14 5.00 14.20 0.40 percent [+]
India 5.20 Dec/12 6.30 9.40 5.20 percent [+]
Indonesia 5.94 Aug/14 5.70 11.24 2.00 percent [+]
Italy 13.40 Nov/14 13.30 13.40 5.90 percent [+]
Japan 3.50 Nov/14 3.50 5.60 1.00 percent [+]
Mexico 3.76 Dec/14 4.53 5.93 2.22 percent [+]
Netherlands 8.10 Dec/14 8.00 8.80 3.40 percent [+]
Russia 5.20 Nov/14 5.10 14.10 4.80 percent [+]
South Korea 3.50 Dec/14 3.40 7.10 2.90 percent [+]
Spain 23.70 Nov/14 23.67 26.94 4.41 percent [+]
Switzerland 3.40 Dec/14 3.20 5.40 1.60 percent [+]
Turkey 10.40 Oct/14 10.50 16.10 8.00 percent [+]
United Kingdom 5.80 Nov/14 6.00 12.00 3.40 percent [+]
United States 5.60 Dec/14 5.80 10.80 2.50 percent [+]