United States Unemployment Rate 1948-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States decreased to 5.50 percent in February of 2015 from 5.70 percent in January of 2015. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.83 percent from 1948 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

      Forecast    
United States Unemployment Rate


Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.50 5.70 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2015 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - United States Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Unemployment Rate - was last refreshed on Saturday, March 28, 2015.


US Unemployment Rate Down to Nearly 7-Year Low


The jobless rate decreased to 5.5 percent in February from 5.7 percent in the previous month. It is the lowest figure since May of 2008 as the number of unemployed persons went down.

There were 8.7 million unemployed people in February, down from 8.97 million in the previous month. 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers decreased by 1.7 percentage points to 17.1 percent in February. The jobless rates for adult men (5.2 percent), adult women (4.9 percent), whites (4.7 percent), blacks (10.4 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics (6.6 percent) showed little or no change. 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 2.7 million in February. These individuals accounted for 31.1 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by 1.1 million. 

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in February and has remained within a narrow range of 62.7 to 62.9 percent since April 2014. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 59.3 percent in February but is up by 0.5 percentage point over the year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic was little changed in February at 6.6 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

In February, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. Among the marginally attached, there were 732,000 discouraged workers in February, little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in February had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.2 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively.

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
3/6/2015 1:42:01 PM


Recent Releases

US Unemployment Rate Edges Up to 5.7%
US jobless rate increased to 5.7 percent in January of 2015 from 5.6 percent in the previous month as more unemployed started looking for work. Published on 2015-02-06

US Unemployment Rate at 6-1/2-Year Low
US jobless rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.6 percent in December, the lowest since June of 2008. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 383,000 to 8.7 million. Published on 2015-01-09


Calendar GMT Event Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2015-01-09 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Dec
5.6% 5.8% 5.7% 5.7%
2015-02-06 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Jan
5.7% 5.6% 5.6% 5.6%
2015-03-06 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Feb
5.5% 5.7% 5.6% 5.7%
2015-04-03 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Mar
5.5% 5.5% 5.6%
2015-05-08 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  Apr
5.62%
2015-06-05 01:30 PM
Unemployment Rate  May
5.58%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.50 5.70 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 295.00 239.00 1114.00 -1966.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 7.00 2.00 422.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 288.00 237.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 8.00 21.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 282.00 325.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2416.00 2428.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
Adp Employment Change 212.00 250.00 343.00 -826.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 148297.00 148201.00 148297.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 8705.00 319500.00 443394.58 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 5053.00 4373.00 5771.00 2134.00 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.78 1.78 2.80 1.78 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 11.90 12.20 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 106.40 107.07 107.07 27.55 Index Points [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.50 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.60 34.60 34.70 33.80 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.80 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 50579.00 53041.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 10.54 10.55 10.55 9.88 USD [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 19.70 19.70 27550.00 1.27 USD [+]
Labour Costs 14087.74 104.91 16778.13 17.12 Index Points [+]
Population 318.86 316.50 318.86 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Job Offers 4998.00 4877.00 5273.00 2146.00 Hundreds [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD [+]
Wage Growth 4.92 5.32 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]


Unemployment Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 6.30 Feb/15 6.40 10.90 4.00 percent [+]
Brazil 5.90 Feb/15 5.30 13.10 4.30 percent [+]
Canada 6.80 Feb/15 6.60 13.10 2.90 percent [+]
China 4.10 Dec/14 4.10 4.30 3.90 percent [+]
Euro Area 11.20 Jan/15 11.30 12.00 7.20 percent [+]
France 10.40 Nov/14 10.30 10.80 7.20 percent [+]
Germany 4.70 Jan/15 4.80 14.20 0.40 percent [+]
India 4.90 Dec/13 5.20 9.40 4.90 percent [+]
Indonesia 5.94 Aug/14 5.70 11.24 2.00 percent [+]
Italy 12.60 Jan/15 12.70 13.30 5.90 percent [+]
Japan 3.50 Feb/15 3.60 5.60 1.00 percent [+]
Mexico 4.33 Feb/15 4.51 5.93 2.22 percent [+]
Netherlands 7.10 Feb/15 7.20 8.80 3.40 percent [+]
Russia 5.80 Feb/15 5.50 14.10 4.80 percent [+]
South Korea 3.90 Feb/15 3.40 7.10 2.90 percent [+]
Spain 23.70 Nov/14 23.67 26.94 4.41 percent [+]
Switzerland 3.50 Feb/15 3.50 5.40 1.60 percent [+]
Turkey 10.90 Dec/14 10.70 16.10 8.00 percent [+]
United Kingdom 5.70 Jan/15 5.70 12.00 3.40 percent [+]
United States 5.50 Feb/15 5.70 10.80 2.50 percent [+]