United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate rose to 4.8 percent in January 2017 from 4.7 percent in the previous month and above market expectations of 4.7 percent. The number of unemployed persons was almost unchanged at 7.6 million while the labor force participation rate increased by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.81 percent from 1948 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-12-02 01:30 PM Nov 4.6% 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2017-01-06 01:30 PM Dec 4.7% 4.6% 4.7% 4.6%
2017-02-03 01:30 PM Jan 4.8% 4.7% 4.7% 4.7%
2017-03-10 01:30 PM Feb 4.8% 4.8%
2017-04-07 12:30 PM Mar 4.7%
2017-05-05 12:30 PM Apr 4.7%




US Unemployment Rate Rises To 4.8% In January


US unemployment rate rose to 4.8 percent in January 2017 from 4.7 percent in the previous month and above market expectations of 4.7 percent. The number of unemployed persons was almost unchanged at 7.6 million while the labor force participation rate increased by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Asians (3.7 percent) increased in January. The jobless rates for adult men (4.4 percent), adult women (4.4 percent), teenagers (15.0 percent), Whites (4.3 percent), Blacks (7.7 percent), and Hispanics  (5.9 percent) showed little or no change over the month. 

In January, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 1.9 million and accounted for 24.4 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 244,000.

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls, the civilian labor force increased by 584,000 in January, and the labor force participation rate rose by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent. Total employment, as measured by the household survey, was up by 457,000 over the month, and the employment-population ratio edged up to 59.9 percent. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in January at 5.8 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time jobs. 

There were 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 337,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 532,000 discouraged workers in January, little changed from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
2/3/2017 1:39:01 PM



United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.80 4.70 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 227.00 157.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 237.00 165.00 1089.00 -816.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -10.00 -8.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 5.00 11.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 239.00 234.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2076.00 2079.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 246.00 151.00 336.00 -805.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 152081.00 152111.00 152111.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7635.00 7529.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.20 0.60 -0.30 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.40 34.40 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.90 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.16 1.15 2.80 1.15 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.10 10.00 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 111.10 110.60 111.10 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 107.40 107.00 107.40 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5040.00 5246.00 6197.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5501.00 5505.00 5845.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 45934.00 33627.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 21.84 21.80 21.84 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 3.57 3.59 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.70 20.67 20.70 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.50 0.60 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.30 0.60 32.40 -49.00 [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Family 2710.00 2680.00 2850.00 2680.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1660.00 1650.00 1710.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27405.00 27895.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 124705.00 124248.00 124705.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 59.90 59.70 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]



United States Unemployment Rate Notes

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.80 4.70 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2017 percent Monthly



Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40.90 Nov/16
Afghanistan 40.00 Dec/15
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 32.90 Dec/15
Gambia 29.80 Dec/13
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
South Africa 26.50 Dec/16
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
Palestine 25.70 Dec/16
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Macedonia 23.40 Sep/16
Greece 23.00 Nov/16
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Montenegro 22.05 Jan/17
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Gabon 20.30 Dec/13
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Spain 18.63 Dec/16
Armenia 18.10 Sep/16
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Jordan 15.80 Dec/16
Tunisia 15.50 Sep/16
Albania 15.20 Sep/16
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Bahamas 14.80 Dec/15
Croatia 14.80 Dec/16
New Caledonia 14.60 Dec/14
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Cyprus 14.30 Dec/16
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
Nigeria 13.90 Sep/16
Serbia 13.80 Sep/16
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Rwanda 13.20 Feb/16
Jamaica 12.90 Sep/16
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Iran 12.70 Sep/16
Egypt 12.60 Sep/16
Cape Verde 12.40 Dec/15
Puerto Rico 12.10 Dec/16
Turkey 12.10 Nov/16
Brazil 12.00 Dec/16
Georgia 12.00 Dec/15
Italy 12.00 Dec/16
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Maldives 11.60 Dec/14
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Slovenia 10.80 Dec/16
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Austria 10.60 Jan/17
Algeria 10.50 Sep/16
Portugal 10.50 Dec/16
Turkmenistan 10.50 Dec/14
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Barbados 10.20 Sep/16
Belize 10.10 Dec/15
France 10.00 Dec/16
Euro Area 9.60 Dec/16
Costa Rica 9.50 Dec/16
Latvia 9.50 Sep/16
Morocco 9.40 Dec/16
Ukraine 9.20 Sep/16
Suriname 8.90 Dec/15
Colombia 8.70 Dec/16
Lithuania 8.70 Jan/17
Poland 8.70 Jan/17
Mongolia 8.60 Dec/16
Slovakia 8.60 Jan/17
Argentina 8.50 Sep/16
European Union 8.20 Dec/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Bulgaria 8.00 Dec/16
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Finland 7.90 Dec/16
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Uruguay 7.70 Dec/16
Belgium 7.60 Dec/16
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Mauritius 7.60 Sep/16
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Honduras 7.30 Dec/15
Sweden 7.30 Jan/17
Venezuela 7.30 Apr/16
Oman 7.20 Dec/14
Peru 7.20 Jan/17
Ireland 7.10 Jan/17
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Paraguay 6.90 Sep/16
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Canada 6.80 Jan/17
Haiti 6.80 Dec/14
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Swaziland 6.70 Dec/13
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Estonia 6.60 Dec/16
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Luxembourg 6.30 Dec/16
Chile 6.10 Dec/16
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Australia 5.70 Jan/17
Saudi Arabia 5.70 Sep/16
Indonesia 5.61 Sep/16
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Chad 5.60 Dec/13
Panama 5.60 Dec/16
Romania 5.50 Dec/16
Czech Republic 5.30 Jan/17
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Netherlands 5.30 Jan/17
Russia 5.30 Dec/16
Ecuador 5.20 Dec/16
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
New Zealand 5.20 Dec/16
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/15
India 4.90 Dec/13
Kazakhstan 4.90 Jan/17
Malta 4.80 Sep/16
United Kingdom 4.80 Dec/16
United States 4.80 Jan/17
Norway 4.70 Nov/16
Philippines 4.70 Dec/16
Sri Lanka 4.50 Sep/16
Hungary 4.40 Dec/16
Trinidad and Tobago 4.40 Jun/16
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Denmark 4.30 Dec/16
Israel 4.30 Dec/16
Seychelles 4.20 Dec/15
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.02 Dec/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Germany 3.90 Dec/16
Taiwan 3.82 Dec/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
Switzerland 3.70 Jan/17
South Korea 3.60 Jan/17
Malaysia 3.50 Dec/16
Mexico 3.40 Dec/16
Hong Kong 3.30 Jan/17
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Guatemala 3.10 Jun/16
Japan 3.10 Dec/16
Nepal 3.00 Dec/14
Iceland 2.90 Dec/16
Moldova 2.90 Sep/16
Bhutan 2.50 Dec/16
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Cuba 2.40 Dec/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Tajikistan 2.40 Nov/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.20 Dec/16
Singapore 2.20 Dec/16
Vietnam 2.14 Sep/16
Macau 1.90 Dec/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Belarus 0.90 Feb/17
Thailand 0.80 Dec/16
Cambodia 0.50 Dec/15
Qatar 0.20 Sep/16