United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate came in at 4.9 percent in July 2016 unchanged from the June rate and above market expectations of 4.8 percent. The number of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged at 7.8 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.82 percent from 1948 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.90 4.90 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2016 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on August of 2016.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-06-03 12:30 PM May 4.7% 5% 4.9% 5%
2016-07-08 12:30 PM Jun 4.9% 4.7% 4.8% 4.8%
2016-08-05 12:30 PM Jul 4.9% 4.9% 4.8% 4.9%
2016-09-02 12:30 PM Aug 4.9% 4.8% 4.9%
2016-10-07 12:30 PM Sep 5.1%
2016-11-04 01:30 PM Oct 5.1%

US Jobless Rate Steady at 4.9% in July


US unemployment rate came in at 4.9 percent in July 2016 unchanged from the June rate and above market expectations of 4.8 percent. The number of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged at 7.8 million.

Among the major worker groups, unemployment rates in July were little changed for adult men (4.6 percent), adult women (4.3 percent), teenagers (15.6 percent), Whites, (4.3 percent), Blacks (8.4 percent), Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.4 percent). 

The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks decreased by 258,000. At 2.0 million, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was about unchanged over the month and accounted for 26.6 percent of the unemployed.

Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 59.7 percent, changed little in July. The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 5.9 million in July. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In July, 2.0 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 591,000 discouraged workers in July, little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
8/5/2016 1:40:53 PM

United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.90 4.90 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 255.00 292.00 1115.00 -1967.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 38.00 22.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 217.00 265.00 1089.00 -814.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 9.00 14.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 262.00 266.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2175.00 2160.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 179.00 176.00 357.00 -881.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 151517.00 151097.00 151517.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7770.00 7783.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.10 0.60 -0.30 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.40 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.80 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.27 1.25 2.80 1.19 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.80 10.70 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 106.00 106.20 107.00 27.60 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 109.49 108.94 109.49 17.12 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5607.00 5499.00 6197.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5624.00 5514.00 5845.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 45346.00 38536.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 21.59 21.52 21.59 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.46 20.40 20.46 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.60 5.20 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.60 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.00 -0.10 28.50 -43.60 [+]
Population 321.57 319.07 321.57 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Family 2710.00 2680.00 2850.00 2680.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1660.00 1650.00 1710.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27595.00 27445.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 123892.00 123586.00 123892.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 59.70 59.60 64.70 55.00 percent [+]




Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.72 May/16
Haiti 40.60 Dec/10
Afghanistan 40.00 Dec/15
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 32.90 Dec/15
Gambia 29.80 Dec/13
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Swaziland 28.50 Dec/10
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
Palestine 26.60 Mar/16
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
South Africa 26.60 Jun/16
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Macedonia 24.46 Mar/16
Greece 23.52 May/16
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Gabon 20.30 Dec/13
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Spain 20.00 Jun/16
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Serbia 19.00 Mar/16
Armenia 18.00 Mar/16
Montenegro 17.23 Jun/16
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Albania 16.90 Mar/16
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Cape Verde 15.80 Dec/14
Bahamas 15.70 Dec/14
Tunisia 15.40 Mar/16
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Jordan 14.70 Jun/16
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
New Caledonia 13.80 Dec/09
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Croatia 13.30 Jul/16
Jamaica 13.30 Mar/16
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.50 Jun/16
Nigeria 12.10 Mar/16
Georgia 12.00 Dec/15
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Iran 11.80 Mar/16
Cyprus 11.70 Jun/16
Italy 11.60 Jun/16
Maldives 11.60 Dec/14
Brazil 11.30 Jun/16
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
Algeria 11.20 Sep/15
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Portugal 10.80 Jun/16
Puerto Rico 10.80 Jun/16
Slovenia 10.80 Jun/16
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Turkmenistan 10.50 Dec/14
Mongolia 10.40 Jun/16
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Ukraine 10.30 Mar/16
Belize 10.10 Dec/15
Euro Area 10.10 Jun/16
France 9.90 Jun/16
Latvia 9.50 Jun/16
Costa Rica 9.40 Jun/16
Slovakia 9.40 Jul/16
Turkey 9.40 May/16
Argentina 9.30 Jun/16
Barbados 9.30 Mar/16
Colombia 8.90 Jun/16
Suriname 8.90 Dec/15
European Union 8.60 Jun/16
Morocco 8.60 Jun/16
Poland 8.60 Jul/16
Belgium 8.50 Jun/16
Bulgaria 8.36 Jun/16
Ireland 8.30 Jul/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Austria 8.00 Jul/16
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Finland 7.80 Jul/16
Lithuania 7.80 Jul/16
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Mauritius 7.61 Mar/16
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Sweden 7.60 Jun/16
Uruguay 7.50 Jun/16
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Ecuador 7.40 Mar/16
Venezuela 7.30 Apr/16
Oman 7.20 Dec/14
Peru 7.10 Jul/16
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Canada 6.90 Jul/16
Chile 6.90 Jun/16
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Estonia 6.50 Jun/16
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Luxembourg 6.40 Jul/16
Romania 6.40 Jun/16
Moldova 6.20 Mar/16
Philippines 6.10 Jun/16
Netherlands 6.00 Jul/16
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Paraguay 5.80 Dec/15
Australia 5.70 Jul/16
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Chad 5.60 Dec/13
Saudi Arabia 5.60 Jun/16
Indonesia 5.50 Mar/16
Czech Republic 5.40 Jul/16
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Russia 5.30 Jul/16
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
Hungary 5.10 Jun/16
New Zealand 5.10 Jun/16
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/15
India 4.90 Dec/13
Kazakhstan 4.90 May/16
Malta 4.90 Mar/16
United Kingdom 4.90 Jun/16
United States 4.90 Jul/16
Norway 4.80 Jun/16
Israel 4.70 Jul/16
Seychelles 4.70 Dec/14
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Honduras 4.30 Dec/13
Denmark 4.20 Jun/16
Germany 4.20 Jun/16
Sri Lanka 4.20 Mar/16
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.05 Jun/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Taiwan 3.96 Jul/16
Mexico 3.93 Jun/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
South Korea 3.60 Jul/16
Trinidad and Tobago 3.50 Dec/15
Hong Kong 3.40 Jul/16
Malaysia 3.40 Jun/16
Rwanda 3.40 Dec/12
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Japan 3.10 Jun/16
Switzerland 3.10 Jul/16
Nepal 3.00 Dec/14
Iceland 2.90 Jul/16
Bhutan 2.60 Dec/15
Panama 2.50 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Cuba 2.40 Dec/15
Guatemala 2.40 Mar/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.30 Jun/16
Tajikistan 2.30 Jun/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Singapore 2.10 Jun/16
Vietnam 2.05 Mar/16
Macau 1.90 Jun/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Thailand 1.01 Jun/16
Belarus 1.00 Dec/15
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Cambodia 0.50 Dec/15
Qatar 0.20 Dec/15