United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate fell to 4.6 percent in November 2016 from 4.9 percent in the previous month and well below market expectations of 4.9 percent. It was the lowest jobless rate since August 2007, as the number of unemployed persons declined by 387 thousand to 7.4 million while the labor force participation rate decreased by 0.1 percentage point to 62.7 percent. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.81 percent from 1948 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-10-07 12:30 PM Sep 5% 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2016-11-04 12:30 PM Oct 4.9% 5% 4.9% 5%
2016-12-02 01:30 PM Nov 4.6% 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2017-01-06 01:30 PM DEC 2016 4.6% 4.5%
2017-02-03 01:30 PM JAN 2017 4.5%
2017-03-03 01:30 PM FEB 2017 4.4%




US Jobless Rate At 9-Year Low Of 4.6%


US unemployment rate fell to 4.6 percent in November 2016 from 4.9 percent in the previous month and well below market expectations of 4.9 percent. It was the lowest jobless rate since August 2007, as the number of unemployed persons declined by 387 thousand to 7.4 million while the labor force participation rate decreased by 0.1 percentage point to 62.7 percent.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men declined to 4.3 percent in November. The rates for adult women (4.2 percent), teenagers (15.2 percent), Whites (4.2 percent), Blacks (8.1 percent), Asians (3.0 percent), and Hispanics (5.7 percent) showed little or no change over the month. 

The number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs edged down by 194,000 to 3.6 million. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 1.9 million and accounted for 24.8 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed was down by 198,000. 

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, changed little in November, and the employment-population ratio held at 59.7 percent. These measures have shown little movement in recent months.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 5.7 million, changed little in November but was down by 416,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

In November, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, up by 215,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 591,000 discouraged workers in November, little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in November had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.


BLS | Yekaterina Guchshina | yekaterina@tradingeconomics.com
12/2/2016 1:42:21 PM



United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.60 4.90 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 178.00 142.00 1115.00 -1967.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 22.00 7.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 156.00 135.00 1089.00 -814.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls -4.00 -5.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 268.00 251.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2081.00 2043.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 216.00 119.00 336.00 -805.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 152085.00 151925.00 152085.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7400.00 7787.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings -0.10 0.40 0.60 -0.30 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.40 34.40 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.80 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.16 1.24 2.80 1.16 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.40 10.30 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 106.90 106.10 107.00 27.60 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 110.70 110.50 110.70 17.12 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5445.00 5562.00 6197.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5534.00 5631.00 5845.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 26936.00 30740.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 21.72 21.68 21.72 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.60 20.59 20.60 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.32 4.63 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.50 0.60 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.50 1.40 32.40 -49.00 [+]
Population 321.57 319.07 321.57 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Family 2710.00 2680.00 2850.00 2680.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1660.00 1650.00 1710.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27727.00 27637.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 124193.00 124296.00 124301.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 59.70 59.80 64.70 55.00 percent [+]



United States Unemployment Rate Notes

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on December of 2016.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.60 4.90 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2016 percent Monthly



Last
Djibouti 54.00 Dec/10
Congo 46.10 Dec/13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.25 Sep/16
Afghanistan 40.00 Dec/15
Kenya 40.00 Dec/11
Kosovo 32.90 Dec/15
Gambia 29.80 Dec/13
Yemen 29.00 Dec/11
Palestine 28.40 Sep/16
Namibia 28.10 Dec/14
South Africa 27.10 Sep/16
Republic of the Congo 26.60 Dec/10
Angola 26.00 Dec/14
Lesotho 25.30 Dec/08
Macedonia 24.00 Jun/16
Greece 23.40 Aug/16
Equatorial Guinea 22.30 Dec/09
Guyana 21.00 Dec/11
Gabon 20.30 Dec/13
Botswana 20.00 Dec/13
Montenegro 19.51 Oct/16
Libya 19.50 Dec/11
Sudan 19.50 Dec/14
Spain 18.91 Sep/16
Armenia 18.40 Jun/16
Mozambique 17.00 Dec/07
Ethiopia 16.80 Dec/15
Iraq 16.40 Dec/14
Albania 15.90 Jun/16
Jordan 15.80 Sep/16
Tunisia 15.50 Sep/16
Syria 14.90 Dec/12
Bahamas 14.80 Dec/15
New Caledonia 14.60 Dec/14
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Croatia 14.00 Oct/16
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
Serbia 13.80 Sep/16
Jamaica 13.70 Jun/16
Sao Tome and Principe 13.60 Dec/12
Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Nigeria 13.30 Jun/16
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Rwanda 13.20 Feb/16
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.60 Sep/16
Puerto Rico 12.50 Oct/16
Cape Verde 12.40 Dec/15
Iran 12.20 Jun/16
Cyprus 12.00 Oct/16
Georgia 12.00 Dec/15
South Sudan 12.00 Dec/08
Brazil 11.80 Oct/16
Italy 11.60 Oct/16
Maldives 11.60 Dec/14
Turkey 11.30 Aug/16
Zimbabwe 11.30 Dec/14
East Timor 11.00 Dec/13
Uzbekistan 10.70 Dec/13
Portugal 10.50 Sep/16
Turkmenistan 10.50 Dec/14
Slovenia 10.30 Sep/16
Tanzania 10.30 Dec/14
Barbados 10.10 Jun/16
Belize 10.10 Dec/15
France 10.00 Sep/16
Algeria 9.90 Apr/16
Euro Area 9.80 Oct/16
Costa Rica 9.70 Sep/16
Morocco 9.60 Sep/16
Latvia 9.50 Sep/16
Mongolia 9.40 Sep/16
Ukraine 9.30 Jun/16
Slovakia 9.10 Oct/16
Austria 9.00 Nov/16
Paraguay 8.90 Jun/16
Suriname 8.90 Dec/15
Argentina 8.50 Sep/16
Colombia 8.30 Oct/16
European Union 8.30 Oct/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
Poland 8.20 Oct/16
Finland 8.10 Oct/16
Belgium 7.90 Oct/16
Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Bulgaria 7.70 Sep/16
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Estonia 7.50 Sep/16
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Honduras 7.30 Dec/15
Ireland 7.30 Nov/16
Venezuela 7.30 Apr/16
Lithuania 7.20 Sep/16
Oman 7.20 Dec/14
Mauritius 7.10 Jun/16
Uruguay 7.10 Oct/16
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Canada 6.80 Nov/16
Haiti 6.80 Dec/14
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Ecuador 6.70 Sep/16
Swaziland 6.70 Dec/13
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Chile 6.40 Oct/16
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Sweden 6.40 Oct/16
Luxembourg 6.30 Oct/16
Peru 6.20 Oct/16
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Romania 5.80 Oct/16
Saudi Arabia 5.70 Sep/16
Indonesia 5.61 Sep/16
Australia 5.60 Oct/16
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Chad 5.60 Dec/13
Netherlands 5.60 Oct/16
Panama 5.60 Dec/16
Philippines 5.40 Sep/16
Russia 5.40 Oct/16
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/15
Czech Republic 5.00 Oct/16
India 4.90 Dec/13
Kazakhstan 4.90 Oct/16
Malta 4.90 Jun/16
New Zealand 4.90 Sep/16
Norway 4.80 Sep/16
United Kingdom 4.80 Sep/16
Hungary 4.70 Oct/16
Sri Lanka 4.60 Jun/16
United States 4.60 Nov/16
Israel 4.50 Oct/16
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Denmark 4.20 Oct/16
Seychelles 4.20 Dec/15
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
Germany 4.10 Oct/16
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.04 Sep/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Taiwan 3.90 Oct/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Trinidad and Tobago 3.80 Mar/16
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
Mexico 3.70 Oct/16
South Korea 3.70 Oct/16
Malaysia 3.50 Sep/16
Hong Kong 3.40 Oct/16
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Switzerland 3.20 Oct/16
Guatemala 3.10 Jun/16
Japan 3.00 Oct/16
Nepal 3.00 Dec/14
Iceland 2.90 Oct/16
Moldova 2.90 Sep/16
Bhutan 2.60 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Cuba 2.40 Dec/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Tajikistan 2.30 Sep/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.20 Oct/16
Singapore 2.10 Sep/16
Vietnam 2.06 Jun/16
Macau 1.90 Oct/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Thailand 1.20 Oct/16
Belarus 1.00 Dec/15
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Cambodia 0.50 Dec/15
Qatar 0.20 Dec/15