United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate went up to 4.9 percent in June 2016 after falling by 0.3 p.p. to 4.7 percent in the previous month. The figure came in worse than market expectations, as more people entered the labor force. The number of unemployed persons increased by 347,000 to 7.8 million, offsetting declines in May and bringing both measures back in line with levels that had prevailed from August 2015 to April. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.82 percent from 1948 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. Unemployment Rate in the United States is reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.90 4.70 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2016 percent Monthly
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on July of 2016.


Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2016-05-06 12:30 PM Apr 5% 5% 5% 5%
2016-06-03 12:30 PM May 4.7% 5% 4.9% 5%
2016-07-08 12:30 PM Jun 4.9% 4.7% 4.8% 4.8%
2016-08-05 12:30 PM Jul 4.9% 4.9% 4.9%
2016-09-02 12:30 PM Aug 5%
2016-10-07 12:30 PM Sep 5.1%

US Jobless Rate Rises to 4.9% in June


US unemployment rate went up to 4.9 percent in June 2016 after falling by 0.3 p.p. to 4.7 percent in the previous month. The figure came in worse than market expectations, as more people entered the labor force. The number of unemployed persons increased by 347,000 to 7.8 million, offsetting declines in May and bringing both measures back in line with levels that had prevailed from August 2015 to April.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (4.5 percent) and Whites (4.4 percent) rose in June. The rates for adult men (4.5 percent), teenagers (16.0 percent), Blacks (8.6 percent), Asians (3.5 percent), and Hispanics (5.8 percent) showed little or no change. 

The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks increased by 211,000 in June, following a decrease in the prior month. At 2.0 million, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) changed little in June and accounted for 25.8 percent of the unemployed.

The number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs rose by 203,000 to 3.8 million, after a decline in May. 

Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 59.6 percent, changed little.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) decreased by 587,000 to 5.8 million in June, offsetting an increase in May. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

In June, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 502,000 discouraged workers in June, down by 151,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
7/8/2016 1:50:55 PM

United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.90 4.70 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 287.00 11.00 1115.00 -1967.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 265.00 -6.00 1089.00 -814.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 22.00 17.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 14.00 -16.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 253.00 254.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 2128.00 2153.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 172.00 168.00 357.00 -881.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 151097.00 151030.00 151320.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7783.00 7436.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.40 34.40 34.70 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.60 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.25 1.19 2.80 1.19 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.70 10.40 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Productivity 105.86 106.13 106.59 27.57 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 109.67 108.59 109.67 17.12 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5499.00 6077.00 6197.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5500.00 5845.00 5845.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 38536.00 30157.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 21.51 21.49 21.51 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.60 5.20 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.37 20.41 20.41 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.50 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index -1.90 -3.60 28.50 -43.60 [+]
Population 321.57 319.07 321.57 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Part Time Employment 27445.00 27936.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Family 2710.00 2680.00 2850.00 2680.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1660.00 1650.00 1710.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Full Time Employment 123586.00 123135.00 123586.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 59.60 59.70 64.70 55.00 percent [+]




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Jordan 14.60 Mar/16
Eritrea 14.50 Dec/84
Dominican Republic 14.00 Sep/15
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Croatia 13.60 Jun/16
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Senegal 13.40 Dec/15
Jamaica 13.30 Mar/16
Zambia 13.30 Dec/14
Mauritania 12.85 Dec/14
Egypt 12.70 Mar/16
Portugal 12.40 Mar/16
Nigeria 12.10 Mar/16
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Brazil 11.20 May/16
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Morocco 10.00 Mar/16
Costa Rica 9.50 Mar/16
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Finland 9.30 Jun/16
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Suriname 8.90 Dec/14
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Poland 8.80 Jun/16
Bulgaria 8.72 May/16
European Union 8.60 May/16
Belgium 8.40 May/16
Mali 8.20 Dec/14
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Fiji 7.90 Dec/14
Uruguay 7.90 May/16
Ireland 7.80 Jun/16
Burundi 7.70 Dec/12
Mauritius 7.61 Mar/16
Central African Republic 7.60 Dec/12
Guinea Bissau 7.60 Dec/13
Sweden 7.60 May/16
Bolivia 7.40 Dec/13
Ecuador 7.40 Mar/16
Lithuania 7.40 Jun/16
Venezuela 7.30 Apr/16
Oman 7.20 Dec/14
Comoros 7.00 Dec/12
El Salvador 7.00 Dec/14
Peru 7.00 Jun/16
Brunei 6.90 Dec/14
Togo 6.90 Dec/13
Canada 6.80 Jun/16
Chile 6.80 May/16
Nicaragua 6.80 Dec/14
Burkina Faso 6.60 Dec/14
Malawi 6.60 Dec/13
Romania 6.60 May/16
Estonia 6.50 Mar/16
Luxembourg 6.50 Jun/16
Lebanon 6.40 Dec/14
Moldova 6.20 Mar/16
Netherlands 6.10 Jun/16
Philippines 6.10 Jun/16
Argentina 5.90 Sep/15
Pakistan 5.90 Dec/15
Australia 5.80 Jun/16
Paraguay 5.80 Dec/15
Cayman Islands 5.60 Dec/15
Chad 5.60 Dec/13
Saudi Arabia 5.60 Dec/15
Hungary 5.50 May/16
Indonesia 5.50 Mar/16
Russia 5.40 Jun/16
Ivory Coast 5.30 Dec/13
Czech Republic 5.20 Jun/16
Ghana 5.20 Dec/13
New Zealand 5.20 Mar/16
Kazakhstan 5.10 Mar/16
Azerbaijan 5.00 Dec/15
India 4.90 Dec/13
Malta 4.90 Mar/16
United Kingdom 4.90 May/16
United States 4.90 Jun/16
Israel 4.80 May/16
Seychelles 4.70 Dec/14
Norway 4.60 Apr/16
Bangladesh 4.30 Dec/14
Denmark 4.30 May/16
Honduras 4.30 Dec/13
Germany 4.20 May/16
Sri Lanka 4.20 Mar/16
United Arab Emirates 4.20 Dec/12
North Korea 4.10 Dec/14
China 4.05 Jun/16
Myanmar 4.02 Dec/13
Cameroon 4.00 Dec/13
Taiwan 3.96 Jun/16
Mexico 3.93 Jun/16
Liberia 3.80 Dec/14
Uganda 3.80 Dec/13
Bahrain 3.70 Dec/12
South Korea 3.60 Jun/16
Trinidad and Tobago 3.50 Dec/15
Hong Kong 3.40 Jun/16
Malaysia 3.40 May/16
Rwanda 3.40 Dec/12
Sierra Leone 3.30 Dec/14
Japan 3.20 May/16
Switzerland 3.10 Jun/16
Nepal 3.00 Dec/14
Guatemala 2.90 Jun/14
Bhutan 2.60 Dec/15
Iceland 2.60 Jun/16
Panama 2.50 Dec/15
Papua New Guinea 2.50 Dec/14
Cuba 2.40 Dec/15
Liechtenstein 2.40 Dec/15
Tajikistan 2.40 May/16
Vietnam 2.31 Dec/15
Kyrgyzstan 2.30 Mar/16
Niger 2.25 Dec/08
Kuwait 2.20 Dec/15
Macau 1.90 Jun/16
Singapore 1.90 Mar/16
Guinea 1.70 Dec/13
Laos 1.40 Dec/14
Madagascar 1.20 Dec/12
Thailand 1.20 May/16
Belarus 1.00 Dec/15
Benin 1.00 Dec/13
Cambodia 0.50 Dec/15
Qatar 0.20 Dec/15