United States Fed Funds Rate 1971-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The Federal Reserve kept the interest rate at 0.25 percent during the meeting held on December 17th, but send a signal that it was on track to raise the cost of borrowing sometime next year. Interest Rate in the United States averaged 6.04 Percent from 1971 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 20.00 Percent in March of 1980 and a record low of 0.25 Percent in December of 2008. Interest Rate in the United States is reported by the Federal Reserve.

United States Fed Funds Rate

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
0.25 0.25 20.00 0.25 1971 - 2014 percent Daily
In the United States, the authority for interest rate decisions is divided between the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve (Board) and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). The Board decides on changes in discount rates after recommendations submitted by one or more of the regional Federal Reserve Banks. The FOMC decides on open market operations, including the desired levels of central bank money or the desired federal funds market rate. This page provides - Fed Cuts QE to $65 Billion Pace - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Content for - United States Fed Funds Rate - was last refreshed on Monday, January 26, 2015.

Fed Unlikely to Raise Rates Before April

Fed policymakers agreed that interest rates are unlikely to rise for at least the next couple of meetings, minutes from FOMC last meeting showed. While the timing of the first rate hike depends on the strength of economic data, the panel said it will be “patient” to begin the normalization process.

Extracts from the minutes of Federal Open Market Committee meeting held in December:

Participants discussed a number of risks to the economic outlook. Many participants regarded the international situation as an important source of downside risks to domestic real activity and employment, particularly if declines in oil prices and the persistence of weak economic growth abroad had a substantial negative effect on global financial markets or if foreign policy responses were insufficient. However, the downside risks were seen as nearly balanced by risks to the upside. Several participants, pointing to indicators of consumer and business confidence as well as to the solid record of payroll employment gains in 2014, suggested that the real economy may end up showing more momentum than anticipated, while a few others thought that the boost to domestic spending coming from lower energy prices could turn out to be quite large. With regard to inflation, a number of participants saw a risk that it could run persistently below their 2 percent objective, with some expressing concern that such an outcome could undermine the credibility of the Committee's commitment to that objective. Some participants were worried that the recent substantial fall in energy prices could lead to a reduction in longer-term inflation expectations, while others were concerned that the decline in market-based measures of inflation compensation might reflect, in part, that such a decline had already begun. However, a couple of others noted that if the unemployment rate continued to decline quickly, wage and price inflation could rise more than generally anticipated.

In their discussion of communications regarding the path of the federal funds rate over the medium term, most participants concluded that updating the Committee's forward guidance would be appropriate in light of the conclusion of the asset purchase program in October and the further progress that the economy had made toward the Committee's objectives. Most participants agreed that it would be useful to state that the Committee judges that it can be patient in beginning to normalize the stance of monetary policy; they noted that such language would provide more flexibility to adjust policy in response to incoming information than the previous language, which had tied the beginning of normalization to the end of the asset purchase program. This approach was seen as consistent, given the Committee's assessment of the economic outlook at the current meeting, with the Committee's previous statement. Most participants thought the reference to patience indicated that the Committee was unlikely to begin the normalization process for at least the next couple of meetings. Some participants regarded the revised language as risking an unwarranted concentration of market expectations for the timing of the initial increase in the federal funds rate target on a narrow range of dates around mid-2015, and as not adequately allowing for the possibility that economic conditions might evolve in a way that could call for either an earlier or a later liftoff date. A few participants suggested that the statement should focus on the economic conditions that would likely accompany the decision to raise rates. Participants generally stressed the need to communicate that the timing of the first increase in the federal funds rate would depend on the incoming data and their implications for the Committee's assessment of progress toward its objectives of maximum employment and inflation of 2 percent. With lower energy prices and the stronger dollar likely to keep inflation below target for some time, it was noted that the Committee might begin normalization at a time when core inflation was near current levels, although in that circumstance participants would want to be reasonably confident that inflation will move back toward 2 percent over time.

Federal Reserve | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
1/7/2015 7:50:44 PM

Recent Releases

Fed May Hike Rates By the Middle of 2015
The Federal Reserve on Wednesday dropped a pledge to keep interest rates near zero for a "considerable time" sending a signal that it was on track to raise the borrowing cost sometime next year. Published on 2014-12-17

Fed Raises Concerns Over Low Inflation
Minutes from Fed’s last meeting showed policymakers were concerned about a possible downward shift in longer-term inflation expectations in the wake of lower growth. Also, it was an easy decision for the committee to end quantitative easing, although one member did not support it. Published on 2014-11-19

Calendar GMT Event Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2014-12-17 07:00 PM
Fed Interest Rate Decision 
0.25% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25%
2014-12-17 07:30 PM
FOMC Press Conference 
2015-01-07 07:00 PM
FOMC Meeting Minutes 
2015-01-28 07:00 PM
Fed Interest Rate Decision 
0.25% 0.25%
2015-02-19 07:00 PM
FOMC Minutes 
2015-03-18 06:00 PM
Fed Interest Rate Decision 

United States Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 0.25 0.25 20.00 0.25 percent [+]
Money Supply M0 3934491.00 3830428.00 4075024.00 40425.00 USD Million [+]
Money Supply M1 2906.50 2852.60 2906.50 138.90 USD Billion [+]
Money Supply M2 11625.40 11562.10 11625.40 286.60 USD Billion [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 4467681.00 4459689.00 4471568.00 672444.00 USD Million [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 133639.00 136285.00 153075.00 12128.00 USD Million [+]
Loans to Private Sector 7915.13 7868.70 7915.13 39.04 USD Billion [+]
Banks Balance Sheet 15208.50 14842.42 15208.50 697.58 USD Billion [+]

Interest Rate Reference Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Australia 2.50 Dec/14 2.50 17.50 2.50 percent [+]
Brazil 12.25 Jan/15 11.75 45.00 7.25 percent [+]
Canada 0.75 Jan/15 1.00 16.00 0.25 percent [+]
China 5.60 Dec/14 5.60 10.98 5.31 percent [+]
Euro Area 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
France 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Germany 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
India 7.75 Jan/15 8.00 14.50 4.25 percent [+]
Indonesia 7.75 Jan/15 7.75 12.75 5.75 percent [+]
Italy 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Japan 0.00 Jan/15 0.00 9.00 0.00 percent [+]
Mexico 3.00 Dec/14 3.00 9.25 3.00 percent [+]
Netherlands 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Russia 17.00 Dec/14 9.50 17.00 5.00 percent [+]
South Korea 2.00 Jan/15 2.00 5.25 2.00 percent [+]
Spain 0.05 Jan/15 0.05 4.75 0.05 percent [+]
Switzerland -0.75 Jan/15 -0.25 3.50 -0.75 percent [+]
Turkey 7.75 Jan/15 8.25 500.00 4.50 percent [+]
United Kingdom 0.50 Aug/15 0.50 17.00 0.50 percent [+]
United States 0.25 Dec/14 0.25 20.00 0.25 percent [+]